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Cinema Demand in Spain: A Cointegration Analysis


  • VÍctor Blanco
  • JosÉ BaÑos Pino


In this paper we explain the decline in cinema attendance in Spain since 1968. We use a cointegration analysis to estimate an individual demand function for cinema, with annual data and in terms of average attendance per inhabitant. We find that cinema is a luxury good and that its demand is elastic with respect to its price. We also show that television acts as a deterrent with regard to cinema attendance. Copyright Kluwer Academic Publishers 1997

Suggested Citation

  • VÍctor Blanco & JosÉ BaÑos Pino, 1997. "Cinema Demand in Spain: A Cointegration Analysis," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 21(1), pages 57-75, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jculte:v:21:y:1997:i:1:p:57-75
    DOI: 10.1023/A:1007374611642

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Banerjee, Anindya & Dolado, Juan J. & Galbraith, John W. & Hendry, David, 1993. "Co-integration, Error Correction, and the Econometric Analysis of Non-Stationary Data," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198288107.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:2:p:736-756 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Böhme Enrico & Müller Christopher, 2011. "Searching for the Concentration-Price Effect in the German Movie Theater Industry," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 231(4), pages 479-493, August.
    3. Louis Lévy-Garboua & Claude Montmarquette, 2002. "The Demand for the Arts," CIRANO Working Papers 2002s-10, CIRANO.
    4. Cristina Muñiz & Plácido Rodríguez & María José Suárez, 2017. "Participation in cultural activities: specification issues," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 41(1), pages 71-93, February.
    5. M. Rimscha, 2013. "It’s not the economy, stupid! External effects on the supply and demand of cinema entertainment," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 37(4), pages 433-455, November.
    6. Victor Fernandez-Blanco & Luis Orea & Juan Prieto-Rodriguez, 2013. "Endogeneity and measurement errors when estimating demand functions with average prices: an example from the movie market," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 1477-1496, June.
    7. Pablo Brañas-Garza & Maria Paz Espinosa, 2011. "Unraveling Public Good Games," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 1-18, November.
    8. Orietta DESSY & Marco GAMBARO, 2008. "Demand for movies in Europe and the effects of multiplex diffusion: a panel approach," Departmental Working Papers 2008-25, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
    9. Eiji Yamamura, 2014. "The effect of young children on their parents’ anime-viewing habits: evidence from Japanese microdata," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 38(4), pages 331-349, November.
    10. Yamamura, Eiji, 2013. "Externality of young children on parents’ watching of anime: Evidence from Japanese micro data," MPRA Paper 46878, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Henry Aray & Betty Agnani, 2007. "And the Oscar goes to ..... Peeeeedrooooo!," ThE Papers 07/03, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
    12. Azuela Flores José Ignacio & Fernandez Blanco Víctor & Sanzo Pérez María José, 2012. "The effects of critics reviews on movie demand," Contaduría y Administración, Accounting and Management, vol. 57(2), pages 201-222, abril-jun.
    13. Ralf Dewenter & Michael Westermann, 2005. "Cinema Demand In Germany," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 29(3), pages 213-231, August.
    14. Chris Hand, 2002. "The Distribution and Predictability of Cinema Admissions," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 26(1), pages 53-64, February.
    15. Fernandez-Blanco, Victor & Orea, Luis & Prieto-Rodriguez, Juan, 2009. "Analyzing consumers heterogeneity and self-reported tastes: An approach consistent with the consumer's decision making process," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 622-633, August.
    16. Louis Lévy-Garboua & Claude Montmarquette, 2011. "Demand," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Cultural Economics, Second Edition, chapter 26 Edward Elgar Publishing.
      • Louis Lévy-Garboua & Claude Montmarquette, 2003. "Demand," Chapters,in: A Handbook of Cultural Economics, chapter 25 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    17. Ateca-Amestoy, Victoria & Prieto-Rodriguez, Juan, 2013. "Forecasting accuracy of behavioural models for participation in the arts," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 229(1), pages 124-131.
    18. Sangho KIM & Donghyun PARK, 2010. "Addictive behavior in cinema demand: evidence from Korea," Economic Growth Centre Working Paper Series 1002, Nanyang Technological University, School of Social Sciences, Economic Growth Centre.
    19. James Jozefowicz & Jason Kelley & Stephanie Brewer, 2008. "New Release: An Empirical Analysis of VHS/DVD Rental Success," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 36(2), pages 139-151, June.
    20. Rubinstein Alexander, 2012. "Studying “Sponsored Goods” in Cultural Sector Symptoms and Consequences of Baumol’s Cost Disease," Creative and Knowledge Society, De Gruyter Open, vol. 2(2), pages 35-57, December.
    21. Peter Macmillan & Ian Smith, 2001. "Explaining Post-War Cinema Attendance in Great Britain," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 25(2), pages 91-108, May.
    22. Agnani, Betty & Aray, Henry, 2016. "Effects of Oscar awards on movie production," Economics Discussion Papers 2016-8, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).


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