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Regionalism by diffusion and design: Australasian policymakers, Europe and Asian-Pacific economic integration


  • John Leslie



Observers of Asian-Pacific regional integration often neglect three decades of ‘deepening’ coordination between the Australian and New Zealand economies. In doing so, they overlook one path by which ideas about economic integration have travelled from Europe to the Asia Pacific. This article demonstrates how Australasian policymakers reacted to and learned from European experience in constructing Closer Economic Relations (CER) and the trans-Tasman single economic market. It also explains how they adapted these ideas to local circumstances and, in doing so, constructed an ‘outward-looking’ alternative to European precedent. Australasian policymakers have subsequently propagated their experience as a distinct ‘model’ of regional economic integration in Southeast Asia, the Asia Pacific and beyond. Observing the movement of ideas about economic integration from Europe to the Asia Pacific by diffusion and design presents a novel perspective on the inter-relationship of integration projects across regions and how observers might compare processes of ‘deep’ economic integration. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Suggested Citation

  • John Leslie, 2015. "Regionalism by diffusion and design: Australasian policymakers, Europe and Asian-Pacific economic integration," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 193-210, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:asiaeu:v:13:y:2015:i:2:p:193-210
    DOI: 10.1007/s10308-014-0403-9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Andrew Moravcsik, 1993. "Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Approach," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(4), pages 473-524, December.
    2. Maria Green Cowles, 1995. "Setting the Agenda for a New Europe: The ERT and EC 1992," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(4), pages 501-526, December.
    3. Baldwin, Richard, 2012. "Sequencing Asian Regionalism: Theory and Lessons from Europe," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 27, pages 1-32.
    4. Richard Baldwin, 1993. "A Domino Theory of Regionalism," NBER Working Papers 4465, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Jens-Uwe Wunderlich, 2012. "The EU an Actor Sui Generis? A Comparison of EU and ASEAN Actorness," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(4), pages 653-669, July.
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