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Alternative Regime Switching Models for Forecasting Inflation

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  • Bidarkota, Prasad V

Abstract

US inflation appears to undergo shifts in its mean level and variability. We evaluate the performance of three useful models for capturing such shifts. The models studied are the Markov switching models, state space models with heavy-tailed errors, and state space models with compound error distributions. Our study shows that all three models have very similar performance when evaluated in terms of the mean squared or mean absolute forecast errors. However, the latter two models are considerably more parsimonious, and easily beat the more profligately parameterized Markov switching models in terms of model selection criteria, such as the AIC or the SBC. Thus, these may serve as useful continuous alternatives to the popular discrete Markov switching models for capturing shifts in time series. Copyright © 2001 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Bidarkota, Prasad V, 2001. "Alternative Regime Switching Models for Forecasting Inflation," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(1), pages 21-35, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:jof:jforec:v:20:y:2001:i:1:p:21-35
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    Cited by:

    1. Thiago Carlomagno Carlo & Emerson Fernandes Marçal, 2016. "Forecasting Brazilian inflation by its aggregate and disaggregated data: a test of predictive power by forecast horizon," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(50), pages 4846-4860, October.
    2. Fildes, Robert & Stekler, Herman, 2002. "The state of macroeconomic forecasting," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 435-468, December.
    3. Zhang, Lingxiang, 2013. "Modeling China's inflation dynamics: An MRSTAR approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 440-446.
    4. Bessec Marie & Bouabdallah Othman, 2005. "What Causes The Forecasting Failure of Markov-Switching Models? A Monte Carlo Study," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 9(2), pages 1-24, June.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6064 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Bidarkota, Prasad V. & Dupoyet, Brice V. & McCulloch, J. Huston, 2009. "Asset pricing with incomplete information and fat tails," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 1314-1331, June.
    7. Espasa, Antoni & Poncela, Pilar & Senra, Eva, 2002. "Forecasting monthly us consumer price indexes through a disaggregated I(2) analysis," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws020301, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    8. Juan Ayuso & Graciela L. Kaminsky & David López-Salido, 2003. "Inflation regimes and stabilisation policies: Spain 1962-2001," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 27(3), pages 615-631, September.
    9. David Bock & Eva Andersson & Marianne Frisén, 2005. "Statistical surveillance of cyclical processes with application to turns in business cycles," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(7), pages 465-490.

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