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Role of Women in Agriculture: A Micro Level Study


  • E. Krishna Rao


India has a predominantly agrarian economy. 70% of her population is rural; of those households, 60% engage in agriculture as their main source of income. It has always been India's most important economic sector. In this important agricultural sector woman plays a vital role, because it is largely a household enterprise. Women in India are major producers of food in terms of value, volume and number of hours worked. Nearly 63 percent of all economically active men are engaged in agriculture as compared to 78 per cent of women. Almost 50 percent of rural female workers are classified as agricultural labourers and 37% as cultivators. About 70 percent of farm work was performed by women. It is observed that women play a significant and crucial role in agricultural development and allied fields including, main crop production, live-stock production, horticulture, post-harvesting operations, agro/social forestry, fishing etc.; it is a fact long taken for granted but ignored since ages. In this paper an attempt has been made (i) To study the role of women in agriculture and changes in their position at micro level, that is village level (ii) To study the gender discrimination in land, labour and wage market.

Suggested Citation

  • E. Krishna Rao, 2006. "Role of Women in Agriculture: A Micro Level Study," Journal of Global Economy, Research Centre for Social Sciences,Mumbai, India, vol. 2(2), pages 107-118, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jge:journl:224

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    Cited by:

    1. Magnus Moglia & Kim S. Alexander & Silva Larson & Anne (Giger)-Dray & Garry Greenhalgh & Phommath Thammavong & Manithaythip Thephavanh & Peter Case, 2020. "Gendered Roles in Agrarian Transition: A Study of Lowland Rice Farming in Lao PDR," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(13), pages 1-20, July.
    2. Mehar, Mamta & Yamano, Takashi & Panda, Architesh, 2017. "The Role of Gender, Risk, and Time Preferences in Farmers' Rice Variety Selection in Eastern India," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 14(1), June.
    3. Mittal, S. & Hariharan, V.K. & Kumar, A., 2018. "Gender Role in agricultural processes and decision making- Empirical Evidence from India," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277065, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Chikkala Kranthi Kumar, 2021. "Health Hazards for Women in Tobacco Cultivation in Andhra Pradesh, India," Indian Journal of Gender Studies, Centre for Women's Development Studies, vol. 28(2), pages 276-293, June.

    More about this item


    Indian Economy; Agriculture; Seeds; Natural resources; Gender discrimination; women;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • N35 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Asia including Middle East


    This item is featured on the following reading lists, Wikipedia, or ReplicationWiki pages:
    1. Women in agriculture in India in Wikipedia English


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