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Fiscal and Monetary Policy Co-ordination: A Differential Game Approac h

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  • Petit, Maria Luisa

Abstract

In this paper the interaction between the Treasury and the central bank is examined in the case of both cooperative and non-cooperative behavior. Differential games are used in the framework of a continuous-time econometric model of the Italian economy. The Nash and the Stackelberg non-cooperative equilibrium solutions are computed, and the case for cooperation is analyzed by considering the Nash and the Kalai-Smorodinsky bargaining models. It is shown that, in the Italian case, the government has a stronger bargaining position than the central bank. A comparison is then made between the different solutions to show that the drawbacks that emerge from non-cooperation are not simply those depending on the players' payoffs. Other features are in fact considered which constitute a further argument for policy co-ordination. Copyright 1989 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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  • Petit, Maria Luisa, 1989. "Fiscal and Monetary Policy Co-ordination: A Differential Game Approac h," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 4(2), pages 161-179, April-Jun.
  • Handle: RePEc:jae:japmet:v:4:y:1989:i:2:p:161-79
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    Cited by:

    1. Engwerda, J.C., 1999. "On the solution set of scalar algebraic Riccati equations," Other publications TiSEM 11c4c9d5-d01b-4372-a18b-1, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    2. Engwerda, J. C., 1998. "Computational aspects of the open-loop Nash equilibrium in linear quadratic games," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 22(8-9), pages 1487-1506, August.
    3. Dumitriu, Ramona & Stefanescu, Razvan, 2013. "Provocările politicii monetare
      [Monetary policy challenges]
      ," MPRA Paper 50261, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Sep 2013.
    4. Engwerda, J.C., 1998. "On the Scalar Feedback Nash Equilibria in the Infinite Horizon LQ-Game," Discussion Paper 1998-112, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    5. Herzog, Bodo, 2006. "Coordination of fiscal and monetary policy in CIS-countries: A theory of optimum fiscal area?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 256-274, June.
    6. Engwerda, J.C., 1996. "The Infinite Horizon Open-Loop Nash LQ-Game," Research Memorandum 741, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    7. Engwerda, Jacob C., 1998. "On the open-loop Nash equilibrium in LQ-games," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 729-762, May.
    8. Paolo Angelini & Stefano Neri & Fabio Panetta, 2011. "Monetary and macroprudential policies," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 801, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    9. Bas Van Aarle & Jacob Engwerda & Joseph Plasmans & Arie Weeren, 2001. "Macroeconomic Policy Interaction under EMU: A Dynamic Game Approach," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 29-60, January.
    10. Libich, Jan & Nguyen, Dat Thanh & Stehlík, Petr, 2015. "Monetary exit and fiscal spillovers," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 40(PA), pages 184-206.
    11. Dieter Proske, 1995. "Zentralbankunabhängigkeit -Diskussion auf falschen Wegen," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 21(4), pages 533-554.

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