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Sharing Demand Information in Competing Supply Chains with Production Diseconomies

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  • Albert Y. Ha

    () (School of Business and Management, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

  • Shilu Tong

    () (Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia)

  • Hongtao Zhang

    () (School of Business and Management, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong)

Abstract

This paper studies the incentive for vertical information sharing in competing supply chains with production technologies that exhibit diseconomies of scale. We consider a model of two supply chains each consisting of one manufacturer selling to one retailer, with the retailers engaging in Cournot or Bertrand competition. For Cournot retail competition, we show that information sharing benefits a supply chain when (1) the production diseconomy is large and (2) either competition is less intense or at least one retailer's information is less accurate. A supply chain may become worse off when making its information more accurate or production diseconomy smaller, if such an improvement induces the firms in the rival supply chain to cease sharing information. For Bertrand retail competition, we show that information sharing benefits a supply chain when (1) the production diseconomy is large and (2) either competition is less intense or information is more accurate. Under Bertrand competition a manufacturer may be worse off by receiving information, which is never the case under Cournot competition. Information sharing in one supply chain triggers a competitive reaction from the other supply chain and this reaction is damaging to the first supply chain under Cournot competition but may be beneficial under Bertrand competition. This paper was accepted by Martin Lariviere, operations management.

Suggested Citation

  • Albert Y. Ha & Shilu Tong & Hongtao Zhang, 2011. "Sharing Demand Information in Competing Supply Chains with Production Diseconomies," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 57(3), pages 566-581, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:57:y:2011:i:3:p:566-581
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1100.1295
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fangruo Chen & Guoming Lai & Wenqiang Xiao, 2016. "Provision of Incentives for Information Acquisition: Forecast-Based Contracts vs. Menus of Linear Contracts," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 62(7), pages 1899-1914, July.
    2. Kebing Chen & Renxing Xu & Hanwei Fang, 2016. "Information Disclosure Model Under Supply Chain Competition with Asymmetric Demand Disruption," Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research (APJOR), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 33(06), pages 1-35, December.
    3. Qing, Qiankai & Deng, Tianhu & Wang, Hongwei, 2017. "Capacity allocation under downstream competition and bargaining," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 261(1), pages 97-107.
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    6. Ma, Yungao & Wang, Nengmin & He, Zhengwen & Lu, Jizhou & Liang, Huigang, 2015. "Analysis of the bullwhip effect in two parallel supply chains with interacting price-sensitive demands," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 243(3), pages 815-825.
    7. Xing, Wei & Liu, Liming & Wang, Shouyang, 2014. "More than a second channel? Supply chain strategies in B2B spot markets," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 239(3), pages 699-710.
    8. Wan, Xiang & Sanders, Nadia R., 2017. "The negative impact of product variety: Forecast bias, inventory levels, and the role of vertical integration," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 186(C), pages 123-131.
    9. Niu, Baozhuang & Wang, Yulan & Guo, Pengfei, 2015. "Equilibrium pricing sequence in a co-opetitive supply chain with the ODM as a downstream rival of its OEM," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 57(PB), pages 249-270.
    10. repec:wsi:ijitdm:v:16:y:2017:i:04:n:s0219622017020011 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Wang, Fan & Zhuo, Xiaopo & Niu, Baozhuang & He, Jiayi, 2017. "Who canvasses for cargos? Incentive analysis and channel structure in a shipping supply chain," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 78-101.
    12. Baruah, Pundarikaksha & Chinnam, Ratna Babu & Korostelev, Alexander & Dalkiran, Evrim, 2016. "Optimal soft-order revisions under demand and supply uncertainty and upstream information," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 14-25.
    13. Li, Tian & Zhang, Hongtao, 2015. "Information sharing in a supply chain with a make-to-stock manufacturer," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 115-125.
    14. Huang, Song & Yang, Jun, 2016. "Information acquisition and transparency in a supply chain with asymmetric production cost information," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 449-464.
    15. Lu, Lijian & Wu, Yaozhong, 2015. "Preferences for contractual forms in supply chains," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 241(1), pages 74-84.
    16. Bian, Junsong & Guo, Xiaolei & Lai, Kin Keung & Hua, Zhongsheng, 2014. "The strategic peril of information sharing in a vertical-Nash supply chain: A note," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 158(C), pages 37-43.
    17. repec:wsi:apjorx:v:34:y:2017:i:01:n:s0217595917400012 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Zhou, Maosen & Dan, Bin & Ma, Songxuan & Zhang, Xumei, 2017. "Supply chain coordination with information sharing: The informational advantage of GPOs," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 256(3), pages 785-802.
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    20. David F. Drake, 2011. "Carbon Tariffs: Impacts on Technology Choice, Regional Competitiveness, and Global Emissions," Harvard Business School Working Papers 12-029, Harvard Business School.
    21. repec:eee:proeco:v:191:y:2017:i:c:p:113-127 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Fang, Yaner & Shou, Biying, 2015. "Managing supply uncertainty under supply chain Cournot competition," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 243(1), pages 156-176.
    23. Guangwen Kong & Sampath Rajagopalan & Hao Zhang, 2013. "Revenue Sharing and Information Leakage in a Supply Chain," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 59(3), pages 556-572, November.
    24. Bian, Wenliang & Shang, Jennifer & Zhang, Juliang, 2016. "Two-way information sharing under supply chain competition," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 82-94.
    25. Zhu, Xiaowei, 2016. "Managing the risks of outsourcing: Time, quality and correlated costs," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 121-133.

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