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Welfare Effects of Tax Policy in Open Economies: Stabilization and Cooperation

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  • Jinill Kim

    (Korea University)

  • Sunghyun Kim

    (Sungkyunkwan University)

Abstract

This paper studies welfare implications of a simple operational tax policy (under which tax rates respond to changes in productivity) by employing an open-economy dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with incomplete asset markets. We investigate the possibility of welfare-improving tax policies on factor incomes and consumption. Simulation results show that, in the closed economy, optimal tax policies are countercyclical since such policies would stabilize the economy by increasing the tax rates in a boom. However, in the open economy, optimal tax policies become less countercyclical and under certain cases can even become procyclical— in particular, for capital income tax. A two-country exercise suggests that tax policy cooperation on capital and labor income would yield only small welfare gains, while consumption tax policy cooperation would produce sizable welfare gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Jinill Kim & Sunghyun Kim, 2018. "Welfare Effects of Tax Policy in Open Economies: Stabilization and Cooperation," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 14(3), pages 347-376, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijc:ijcjou:y:2018:q:2:a:8
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    Cited by:

    1. Kollmann, Robert & Kim, Jinill & Kim, Sunghyun H., 2011. "Solving the multi-country Real Business Cycle model using a perturbation method," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 203-206, February.
    2. Marattin, Luigi & Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo, 2013. "Distortionary tax instruments and implementable monetary policy," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 219-243.
    3. L. Marattin & S. Salotti, 2009. "The Response of Private Consumption to Different Public Spending Categories: VAR Evidence from UK," Working Papers 670, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    4. Guay C. Lim & Paul D. McNelis, 2005. "Real Exchange Rate and Current Account Dynamics with Sticky Prices and Distortionary Taxes," DNB Working Papers 056, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    5. Faia, Ester & Monacelli, Tommaso, 2007. "Optimal interest rate rules, asset prices, and credit frictions," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(10), pages 3228-3254, October.
    6. Francisco (F.) Blasques & Marc Nientker, 2019. "Transformed Perturbation Solutions for Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 19-012/III, Tinbergen Institute, revised 09 Feb 2020.
    7. Darlene Chisholm & Margaret McMillan & George Norman, 2010. "Product differentiation and film-programming choice: do first-run movie theatres show the same films?," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 34(2), pages 131-145, May.
    8. Lim, G.C. & McNelis, Paul D., 2008. "Computational Macroeconomics for the Open Economy," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262123061, February.
    9. Trabandt, Mathias & Uhlig, Harald, 2011. "The Laffer curve revisited," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(4), pages 305-327.
    10. Ioannides, Yannis M. & Soetevent, Adriaan R., 2007. "Social networking and individual outcomes beyond the mean field case," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 64(3-4), pages 369-390.
    11. Gilbert Metcalf & Jongsang Park, 2007. "A comment on the role of prices for excludable public goods," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 14(6), pages 685-698, December.
    12. Lambertini, Luisa & Mendicino, Caterina & Teresa Punzi, Maria, 2013. "Leaning against boom–bust cycles in credit and housing prices," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1500-1522.
    13. Mendicino, Caterina & Punzi, Maria Teresa, 2014. "House prices, capital inflows and macroprudential policy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 337-355.
    14. Moldovan, Ioana R., 2010. "Countercyclical taxes in a monopolistically competitive environment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(5), pages 692-717, July.
    15. Marattin, Luigi & Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo, 2011. "A welfare perspective on the fiscal–monetary policy mix: The role of alternative fiscal instruments," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 920-952.
    16. Darlene C. Chisholm & George Norman, 2006. "When to Exit a Product: Evidence from the U. S. Motion-Picture Exhibition Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 57-61, May.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

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