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Legal Opportunities for Public Participation in Forest Management in the Republic of Korea

Author

Listed:
  • Mi Sun Park

    () (Department of Environmental Planning, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Konkuk University, #225, 120 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea)

  • Hyowon Lee

    () (School of Law, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanakgu, Seoul 08826, Korea)

Abstract

Participation by multiple actors has been emphasized in managing state forests to meet various demands on forests within a global society. Public participation was also suggested as an approach to sustainable forest management. This paper aims to investigate the legal opportunities of public participation in managing state forests in the case of the Republic of Korea (ROK). Relevant legal and policy documents were selected for content analysis and were analyzed with the levels of participation. Litigation regarding state forest conflicts was analyzed. The ROK legal system includes multiple levels of participation in managing state forests: information sharing, consultation, collaborative decision-making, and implementation. The research results indicate that various stakeholders need legal opportunities to participate in the formation and implementation of policies for the management of state forests. Regulatory enforcement is required for guaranteeing environmental rights—access to information, participation in decision-making, and standing in court. Based on research results, this paper provides us with legal insights on promoting public participation in managing state forests.

Suggested Citation

  • Mi Sun Park & Hyowon Lee, 2016. "Legal Opportunities for Public Participation in Forest Management in the Republic of Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-13, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:369-:d:68247
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael Mason, 2010. "Information Disclosure and Environmental Rights: The Aarhus Convention," Global Environmental Politics, MIT Press, vol. 10(3), pages 10-31, August.
    2. Mi Sun Park & Hyowon Lee, 2014. "Forest Policy and Law for Sustainability within the Korean Peninsula," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(8), pages 1-25, August.
    3. Gritten, David & Mola-Yudego, Blas & Delgado-Matas, Cristóbal & Kortelainen, Jarmo, 2013. "A quantitative review of the representation of forest conflicts across the world: Resource periphery and emerging patterns," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 11-20.
    4. Secco, Laura & Da Re, Riccardo & Pettenella, Davide Matteo & Gatto, Paola, 2014. "Why and how to measure forest governance at local level: A set of indicators," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 57-71.
    5. Behera, Bhagirath & Engel, Stefanie, 2006. "Institutional analysis of evolution of joint forest management in India: A new institutional economics approach," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 350-362, June.
    6. repec:cup:apsrev:v:99:y:2005:i:01:p:29-43_05 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kangas, A. & Saarinen, N. & Saarikoski, H. & Leskinen, L.A. & Hujala, T. & Tikkanen, J., 2010. "Stakeholder perspectives about proper participation for Regional Forest Programmes in Finland," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 213-222, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:adm:journl:v:7:y:2018:i:4:p:102-114 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:forpol:v:95:y:2018:i:c:p:123-137 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    public participation; forest management; state forests; environmental rights;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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