IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Institutional barriers in forest owners' cooperation: The case of Estonia


  • Põllumäe, Priit
  • Lilleleht, Ando
  • Korjus, Henn


Large-scale cooperation between forest owners can have multiple benefits to both the forest owners and society. However, in most countries such cooperation is not widespread. The purpose of this paper is to explore the question why forest owners' cooperation is not a common practice. We do it by exploring the institutional barriers of cooperation. Based on an Estonian case example we find that the formal institutions reflect mainly the economic aspects of cooperation. The informal institutions, however, are more diverse and often do not relate to the formal ones. Therefore, a number of institutional barriers influences forest owners' decision-making towards cooperation. If policies and policy implementation fail to tackle these barriers then policy goals might not be met and cooperation might not be enhanced.

Suggested Citation

  • Põllumäe, Priit & Lilleleht, Ando & Korjus, Henn, 2016. "Institutional barriers in forest owners' cooperation: The case of Estonia," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 9-16.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:65:y:2016:i:c:p:9-16
    DOI: 10.1016/j.forpol.2016.01.005

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Glück, Peter & Avdibegovic, Mersudin & Cabaravdic, Azra & Nonic, Dragan & Petrovic, Nenad & Posavec, Stjepan & Stojanovska, Makedonka, 2010. "The preconditions for the formation of private forest owners' interest associations in the Western Balkan Region," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 250-263, April.
    2. Pretty, Jules & Ward, Hugh, 2001. "Social Capital and the Environment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 209-227, February.
    3. Põllumäe, Priit & Korjus, Henn & Paluots, Teele, 2014. "Management motives of Estonian private forest owners," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 8-14.
    4. Oliver E. Williamson, 2000. "The New Institutional Economics: Taking Stock, Looking Ahead," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(3), pages 595-613, September.
    5. Schaaf, Kenli A. & Broussard, Shorna R., 2006. "Private forest policy tools: A national survey exploring the American public's perceptions and support," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 316-334, December.
    6. Borg, Riikka & Toikka, Arho & Primmer, Eeva, 2015. "Social capital and governance: a social network analysis of forest biodiversity collaboration in Central Finland," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 90-97.
    7. Seeland, Klaus & Godat, Joël & Hansmann, Ralf, 2011. "Regional forest organizations and their innovation impact on forestry and regional development in central Switzerland," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 353-360, June.
    8. Kittredge, David B., 2005. "The cooperation of private forest owners on scales larger than one individual property: international examples and potential application in the United States," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 671-688, May.
    9. Jarka Chloupkova & Gunnar Svendsen & Gert Svendsen, 2003. "Building and destroying social capital: The case of cooperative movements in Denmark and Poland," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 20(3), pages 241-252, September.
    10. Behera, Bhagirath & Engel, Stefanie, 2006. "Institutional analysis of evolution of joint forest management in India: A new institutional economics approach," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 350-362, June.
    11. Serbruyns, Inge & Luyssaert, Sebastiaan, 2006. "Acceptance of sticks, carrots and sermons as policy instruments for directing private forest management," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 285-296, December.
    12. Rickenbach, Mark G. & Guries, Raymond P. & Schmoldt, Daniel L., 2006. "Membership matters: comparing members and non-members of NIPF owner organizations in southwest Wisconsin, USA," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 93-103, January.
    13. Urquhart, Julie & Courtney, Paul, 2011. "Seeing the owner behind the trees: A typology of small-scale private woodland owners in England," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(7), pages 535-544, September.
    14. Casson, Mark C. & Della Giusta, Marina & Kambhampati, Uma S., 2010. "Formal and Informal Institutions and Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 137-141, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:forpol:v:99:y:2019:i:c:p:100-109 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:forpol:v:85:y:2017:i:p1:p:176-191 is not listed on IDEAS


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:forpol:v:65:y:2016:i:c:p:9-16. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.