IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gam/jsusta/v15y2023i4p2867-d1058308.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Do Financial Liabilities Matter in “Size Effect”? Evidence from the Chinese A-Share Market

Author

Listed:
  • Xiaocui Deng

    (School of Economics and Business Foreign Languages, Wuhan Technology and Business University, Wuhan 430070, China)

  • Xiaojian Su

    (College of Finance and Statistics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China)

Abstract

Financial liabilities, as an important part of the capital structure, are closely related to the value creation and scale of growth of a company. To test whether financial liabilities affect the “size effect” of company value, this paper employs the enterprise value factor, i.e., a size factor increasing financial liabilities, to study the performance of the company in the Chinese securities market. Taking the stocks of listed companies in the Chinese A-share stock market from 2000 to 2019 as samples, this paper applies the asset pricing models for an empirical study of enterprise value. These results show that: (i) the excess return of the portfolio constructed by the enterprise value is negative and significantly different from zero, which presents the robustness of “size effect” on the attribute of financial liabilities; (ii) additionally, the “size effect” also exists in the subsamples after the financial events occurred; (iii) the results still robust while controlling the risk factors of the asset pricing models respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Xiaocui Deng & Xiaojian Su, 2023. "Do Financial Liabilities Matter in “Size Effect”? Evidence from the Chinese A-Share Market," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(4), pages 1-11, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:15:y:2023:i:4:p:2867-:d:1058308
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/15/4/2867/pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/15/4/2867/
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Foye, James, 2018. "A comprehensive test of the Fama-French five-factor model in emerging markets," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 199-222.
    2. Huang, Tao & Li, Junye, 2019. "Option-Implied variance asymmetry and the cross-section of stock returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 21-36.
    3. Sanjeev Bhojraj & Charles M. C. Lee, 2002. "Who Is My Peer? A Valuation‐Based Approach to the Selection of Comparable Firms," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 407-439, May.
    4. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2012. "Size, value, and momentum in international stock returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(3), pages 457-472.
    5. Asness, Clifford & Frazzini, Andrea & Israel, Ronen & Moskowitz, Tobias J. & Pedersen, Lasse H., 2018. "Size matters, if you control your junk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(3), pages 479-509.
    6. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2015. "A five-factor asset pricing model," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 1-22.
    7. Wei-Fong Pan & Xinjie Wang & Shixuan Wang, 2022. "Measuring Economic Uncertainty in China†," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 58(5), pages 1359-1389, April.
    8. Chang, Jeffery (Jinfan) & Du, Huancheng & Lou, Dong & Polk, Christopher, 2022. "Ripples into waves: Trade networks, economic activity, and asset prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(1), pages 217-238.
    9. Stoll, Hans R. & Whaley, Robert E., 1983. "Transaction costs and the small firm effect," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 57-79, June.
    10. Novy-Marx, Robert, 2013. "The other side of value: The gross profitability premium," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-28.
    11. Douglas Cumming & Wenxuan Hou, 2014. "Valuation of restricted shares by conflicting shareholders in the Split Share Structure Reform," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(7-9), pages 778-802, September.
    12. Arthur Korteweg, 2010. "The Net Benefits to Leverage," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(6), pages 2137-2170, December.
    13. Eugene F. Fama & Kenneth R. French, 2006. "The Value Premium and the CAPM," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 61(5), pages 2163-2185, October.
    14. Collins, Daniel W. & Maydew, Edward L. & Weiss, Ira S., 1997. "Changes in the value-relevance of earnings and book values over the past forty years," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 39-67, December.
    15. Mardy Chiah & Daniel Chai & Angel Zhong & Song Li, 2016. "A Better Model? An Empirical Investigation of the Fama–French Five-factor Model in Australia," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 16(4), pages 595-638, December.
    16. John R. Graham, 2000. "How Big Are the Tax Benefits of Debt?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(5), pages 1901-1941, October.
    17. Shu-Ling Lin & Jun Lu, 2019. "Institutional Investors and Corporate Performance: Insights from China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(21), pages 1-26, October.
    18. Chang, Jeffery (Jinfan) & Du, Huancheng & Lou, Dong & Polk, Christopher, 2022. "Ripples into waves: Trade networks, economic activity, and asset prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(1), pages 217-238.
    19. Paulina Roszkowska & Lukasz K. Langer, 2019. "(Ab)Normal Returns in an Emerging Stock Market: International Investor Perspective," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(12), pages 2809-2833, September.
    20. Lai, Karen & Prasad, Ashna & Wong, George & Yusoff, Iliyas, 2020. "Corporate deleveraging and financial flexibility: A Chinese case-study," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    21. Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2006. "Profitability, investment and average returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 491-518, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Zhong, Angel, 2018. "Idiosyncratic volatility in the Australian equity market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 105-125.
    2. Güler ARAS & İlhan ÇAM & Bilal ZAVALSIZ & Serkan KESKİN, 2018. "Fama-French Çok Faktör Varlık Fiyatlama Modellerinin Performanslarının Karşılaştırılması: Borsa İstanbul Üzerine Bir Uygulama," Istanbul Business Research, Istanbul University Business School, vol. 47(2), pages 183-207, November.
    3. Kanis Saengchote, 2020. "Profitability, Investment and Asset Pricing: Reconciling the Valuation and the q-Theory Approaches in the Thai Stock Market," PIER Discussion Papers 124, Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Matteo Foglia & Maria Cristina Recchioni & Gloria Polinesi, 2021. "Smart Beta Allocation and Macroeconomic Variables: The Impact of COVID-19," Risks, MDPI, vol. 9(2), pages 1-25, February.
    5. Pätäri, Eero & Karell, Ville & Luukka, Pasi & Yeomans, Julian S, 2018. "Comparison of the multicriteria decision-making methods for equity portfolio selection: The U.S. evidence," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 265(2), pages 655-672.
    6. Adam Zaremba & Jacob Koby Shemer, 2018. "Price-Based Investment Strategies," Springer Books, Springer, number 978-3-319-91530-2, September.
    7. Jarno Tikkanen & Janne Äijö, 2018. "Does the F-score improve the performance of different value investment strategies in Europe?," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 19(7), pages 495-506, December.
    8. Jansen, Maarten & Swinkels, Laurens & Zhou, Weili, 2021. "Anomalies in the China A-share market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    9. Calvet, Laurent E. & Betermier, Sebastien & Jo, Evan, 2019. "A Supply and Demand Approach to Equity Pricing," CEPR Discussion Papers 13974, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Guo, Bin & Zhang, Wei & Zhang, Yongjie & Zhang, Han, 2017. "The five-factor asset pricing model tests for the Chinese stock market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 84-106.
    11. Zaremba, Adam & Maydybura, Alina, 2019. "The cross-section of returns in frontier equity markets: Integrated or segmented pricing?," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 219-238.
    12. Nusret Cakici & Sris Chatterjee & Yi Tang & Lin Tong, 2021. "Alternative profitability measures and cross-section of expected stock returns: international evidence," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 56(1), pages 369-391, January.
    13. Moinak Maiti & Darko Vuković, 2020. "Role of human assets in measuring firm performance and its implication for firm valuation," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 9(1), pages 1-27, December.
    14. Bui, Dien Giau & Kong, De-Rong & Lin, Chih-Yung & Lin, Tse-Chun, 2023. "Momentum in machine learning: Evidence from the Taiwan stock market," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    15. Clifford S. Asness & Andrea Frazzini & Lasse Heje Pedersen, 2019. "Quality minus junk," Review of Accounting Studies, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 34-112, March.
    16. Yin, Libo & Liao, Huiyi, 2021. "Big is brilliant: Understanding the Chinese size effect through profitability shocks," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
    17. Virk, Nader Shahzad & Butt, Hilal Anwar, 2022. "Asset pricing anomalies: Liquidity risk hedgers or liquidity risk spreaders?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 81(C).
    18. Wenting Jiao & Jean-Jacques Lilti, 2017. "Whether profitability and investment factors have additional explanatory power comparing with Fama-French Three-Factor Model: empirical evidence on Chinese A-share stock market," China Finance and Economic Review, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 1-19, December.
    19. Tong Fang & Zhi Su & Libo Yin, 2021. "Does the green inspiration effect matter for stock returns? Evidence from the Chinese stock market," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 60(5), pages 2155-2176, May.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:15:y:2023:i:4:p:2867-:d:1058308. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: MDPI Indexing Manager (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://www.mdpi.com .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.