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A five-factor asset pricing model

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  • Fama, Eugene F.
  • French, Kenneth R.

Abstract

A five-factor model directed at capturing the size, value, profitability, and investment patterns in average stock returns performs better than the three-factor model of Fama and French (FF, 1993). The five-factor model׳s main problem is its failure to capture the low average returns on small stocks whose returns behave like those of firms that invest a lot despite low profitability. The model׳s performance is not sensitive to the way its factors are defined. With the addition of profitability and investment factors, the value factor of the FF three-factor model becomes redundant for describing average returns in the sample we examine.

Suggested Citation

  • Fama, Eugene F. & French, Kenneth R., 2015. "A five-factor asset pricing model," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 1-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:116:y:2015:i:1:p:1-22
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2014.10.010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Asset pricing model; Factor model; Dividend discount model; Profitability; Investment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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