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Funding Pandemic Prevention: Proposal for a Meat and Wild Animal Tax

Author

Listed:
  • Morgane Larnder-Besner

    (Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada)

  • Julien Tremblay-Gravel

    (Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada)

  • Allison Christians

    (Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montréal, QC H3A 0G4, Canada)

Abstract

Market prices fail to properly account for the risk of zoonotic diseases associated with animal agriculture and cross-border trade in domesticated and wild animal products, the magnitude of which is demonstrated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Corrective measures are required to internalize the cost of pandemics. Communicable disease prevention and mitigation is a global public good and contributions to its production should be made at the international level. To compel states to pay for costs resulting from domestic consumption patterns that are externalized to other countries, this paper proposes a global contribution regime based on state consumption of animal products. We lay out the technical aspects of a cost-internalizing tax that could accomplish this goal and demonstrate its feasibility in light of existing trade law constraints. The paper concludes that the proposed cost-internalizing tax would be an appropriate method to deter pandemic risk-inducing activities and fund zoonotic disease outbreak prevention and pandemic response.

Suggested Citation

  • Morgane Larnder-Besner & Julien Tremblay-Gravel & Allison Christians, 2020. "Funding Pandemic Prevention: Proposal for a Meat and Wild Animal Tax," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(21), pages 1-12, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:21:p:9016-:d:437272
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Michael Daly, 2016. "Is the WTO a World Tax Organization?; A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers," IMF Technical Notes and Manuals 16/03, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Michael Daly, 2016. "Is the WTO a World Tax Organization?: A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers," IMF Technical Notes and Manuals 2016/003, International Monetary Fund.
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