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Diffusion of Building Information Modeling in Building Projects and Firms in Singapore

Author

Listed:
  • Longhui Liao

    () (Sino-Australia Joint Research Center in BIM and Smart Construction, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China)

  • Evelyn Ai Lin Teo

    () (Department of Building, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117566, Singapore)

  • Ruidong Chang

    () (School of Architecture and Built Environment, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia)

  • Xianbo Zhao

    () (School of Engineering and Technology, Central Queensland University, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia)

Abstract

Building information modeling (BIM) implementation has been mandated in building projects in Singapore, but a wider adoption is still desired. This study aims to investigate the factors influencing BIM diffusion and examine how the factors influence firms with different project roles, firm sizes, and BIM implementation experience. The results of a pilot study, a questionnaire survey with 89 professionals, and five post-survey interviews showed that hindrances related to inadequate multi-party collaboration (whether formal or informal), conservative mindset, limited skills, costly infrastructure and training, and multi-discipline model integration were the most influential, whereas drivers associated with project leadership team’s strategic consensus, multi-disciplinary design coordination, training, and government regulations were top-ranked. Subgroup analyses between pairs of firms with different characteristics revealed that while construction firms and less experienced stakeholders tended to underestimate BIM implementation difficulties, small-medium contractors might underestimate relevant benefits. The findings and managerial recommendations help different types of firms prioritize resources to overcome hindrances, seize opportunities (such as gaining a competitive edge from BIM practical experience), and obtain support from workers executing BIM daily. With major stakeholders’ recognition and implementation, BIM can be successfully diffused in building projects and firms. The Singapore government and other countries can refer to this study when further issuing BIM diffusion policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Longhui Liao & Evelyn Ai Lin Teo & Ruidong Chang & Xianbo Zhao, 2020. "Diffusion of Building Information Modeling in Building Projects and Firms in Singapore," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(18), pages 1-23, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:12:y:2020:i:18:p:7762-:d:416280
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nick Blismas & Christine Pasquire & Alistair Gibb, 2006. "Benefit evaluation for off-site production in construction," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 121-130.
    2. Heng Li & Weisheng Lu & Ting Huang, 2009. "Rethinking project management and exploring virtual design and construction as a potential solution," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(4), pages 363-371.
    3. Hongping Yuan & Yu Yang & Xiaolong Xue, 2019. "Promoting Owners’ BIM Adoption Behaviors to Achieve Sustainable Project Management," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-18, July.
    4. Longhui Liao & Evelyn Ai Lin Teo & Ruidong Chang & Linhui Li, 2020. "Investigating Critical Non-Value Adding Activities and Their Resulting Wastes in BIM-Based Project Delivery," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-20, January.
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