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Social Impacts of Dam-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: A Comparative Case Study in China

Author

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  • Youliang Huang

    () (Department of Construction and Real Estate, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China)

  • Wensheng Lin

    () (Department of Construction and Real Estate, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China)

  • Shan Li

    () (Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, The City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China)

  • Yan Ning

    () (Department of Construction and Real Estate, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China)

Abstract

Dam projects are inevitably accompanied by massive displacement and resettlement, which imposes intricate social impacts on the host community. This study aims to investigate the social impacts of dam-induced displacement and resettlement in China through a comparative case study where both the control and experimental groups were investigated. Data were collected through a mix of questionnaire-survey, archival files, and face-to-face interviews. The results show that dam-induced displacement and resettlement was conducive to improving residence conditions and facilitating the acceptance of rural cooperative medical insurance. But it had negative impacts on employment, income level and income resource, and overall well-being. Implications for theory and for practice are provided in the end.

Suggested Citation

  • Youliang Huang & Wensheng Lin & Shan Li & Yan Ning, 2018. "Social Impacts of Dam-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: A Comparative Case Study in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-18, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:11:p:4018-:d:180117
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ranjit Dwivedi, 2002. "Models and Methods in Development–Induced Displacement (Review Article)," Development and Change, International Institute of Social Studies, vol. 33(4), pages 709-732, September.
    2. Wilmsen, Brooke, 2016. "After the Deluge: A longitudinal study of resettlement at the Three Gorges Dam, China," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 41-54.
    3. Webber, Michael & McDonald, Brooke, 2004. "Involuntary Resettlement, Production and Income: Evidence from Xiaolangdi, PRC," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 673-690, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Haiyun Shi & Ji Chen & Suning Liu & Bellie Sivakumar, 2019. "The Role of Large Dams in Promoting Economic Development under the Pressure of Population Growth," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-14, May.
    2. Ernest Uwayezu & Walter T. de Vries, 2020. "Can In-Kind Compensation for Expropriated Real Property Promote Spatial Justice? A Case Study Analysis of Resettlement in Kigali City, Rwanda," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-1, May.
    3. Łukasz Wiejaczka & Danuta Piróg & Joanna Fidelus-Orzechowska, 2020. "Cost-Benefit Analysis of Dam Projects: The Perspectives of Resettled and Non-resettled Communities," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 34(1), pages 343-357, January.
    4. Oleg Bazaluk & Svitlana Balinchenko, 2020. "Dynamic Coordination of Internal Displacement: Return and Integration Cases in Ukraine and Georgia," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(10), pages 1-1, May.
    5. Sara Sousa & Anabela Botelho & Lígia M. Costa Pinto & Marieta Valente, 2019. "How Relevant Are Non-Use Values and Perceptions in Economic Valuations? The Case of Hydropower Plants," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-18, August.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    dam projects; displacement and resettlement; social impact assessment; comparative case study; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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