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Old but Resilient Story: Impact of Decentralization on Social Welfare

Author

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  • José Luis Alberto Delgado

    (Faculty of Economics, İstanbul University, Beyazıt Kampüs, 34126 Istanbul, Türkiye)

  • Dilek Demirbaş

    (Faculty of Economics, İstanbul University, Beyazıt Kampüs, 34126 Istanbul, Türkiye)

  • Ahmet Faruk Aysan

    (College of Islamic Studies, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha P.O. Box 34110, Qatar)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the fiscal performance of Turkey and Argentina during the period 2000–2021, when both countries faced rapid economic growth with the consequent impact on social welfare. This work explored two different systems: Centralization in Turkey and Federalism in Argentina and, in general, studied the decentralization impact of both the systems on social welfare. This study intended to create new social welfare indexes in other regions to analyze the resource allocation in different regions of these countries. As a first step, we built a regional human development index (HDI) for each region. This attempt is considered a new contribution to the literature and intended to fill the gap in this field. Afterward, this index was compared with the fiscal resources allocation (FRA), used as a proxy of fiscal decentralization in an econometric panel data model. By using this method, we concluded that the social welfare indexes have a positive relationship with the fiscal resource allocation in the Federal system, such as in Argentina, but not in the centralized system such as in Turkey during the period analyzed from 2000 to 2020.

Suggested Citation

  • José Luis Alberto Delgado & Dilek Demirbaş & Ahmet Faruk Aysan, 2022. "Old but Resilient Story: Impact of Decentralization on Social Welfare," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 15(12), pages 1-19, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jjrfmx:v:15:y:2022:i:12:p:584-:d:995499
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Aslim, Erkmen Giray & Neyapti, Bilin, 2017. "Optimal fiscal decentralization: Redistribution and welfare implications," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 224-234.
    2. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416-416.
    3. Ostrom, Vincent & Tiebout, Charles M. & Warren, Robert, 1961. "The Organization of Government in Metropolitan Areas: A Theoretical Inquiry," American Political Science Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 55(4), pages 831-842, December.
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    1. Aysan, Ahmet Faruk & Babacan, Mehmet & Gür, Nurullah & Süleyman, Selim, 2023. "Firm Size and Financing Behavior during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from SMEs in Istanbul," MPRA Paper 116300, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2023.

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