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Attachment Styles and Well-Being in Adolescents: How Does Emotional Development Affect This Relationship?

Author

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  • Estefanía Mónaco

    (Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain)

  • Konstanze Schoeps

    (Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain)

  • Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla

    (Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatment, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain)

Abstract

Attachment relationships with parents, as well as emotional competencies, are protective factors against stress and other physical, mental, and relational health symptoms in adolescence. In this paper, we will examine the mediating role of emotional competencies in the relationship between attachment to parents and the well-being of adolescents, taking into account the influence of gender. There were 1276 Spanish adolescents between 12 and 15 years old ( M = 13.48; SD = 1.09). We measured mother and father attachment relationships (trust, communication and alienation), emotional competencies (perceive and understand emotions, label and express emotions, manage and regulate emotions), and adolescent well-being using the indicators: somatic complaints, stress, satisfaction with life and affectivity. Descriptive analyses, Pearson correlations, and a multi-group path analysis were performed. The results indicated that emotional competencies partially mediate the relationship between attachment to parents and well-being variables. Attachment to one’s mother and father, along with emotional competencies, are relevant variables in adolescent well-being. This highlights the importance of understanding the protective factors of well-being in adolescence, a time when levels of well-being are reduced compared to childhood.

Suggested Citation

  • Estefanía Mónaco & Konstanze Schoeps & Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla, 2019. "Attachment Styles and Well-Being in Adolescents: How Does Emotional Development Affect This Relationship?," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(14), pages 1-17, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jijerp:v:16:y:2019:i:14:p:2554-:d:249211
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Carolina Gonzálvez & Ángela Díaz-Herrero & María Vicent & Ricardo Sanmartín & Antonio M. Pérez-Sánchez & José M. García-Fernández, 2019. "Subtyping of Adolescents with School Refusal Behavior: Exploring Differences Across Profiles in Self-Concept," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(23), pages 1-14, November.
    2. Usue de la Barrera & Konstanze Schoeps & José-Antonio Gil-Gómez & Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla, 2019. "Predicting Adolescent Adjustment and Well-Being: The Interplay between Socio-Emotional and Personal Factors," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(23), pages 1-17, November.
    3. Ricarda Steinmayr & Linda Wirthwein & Laura Modler & Margaret M. Barry, 2019. "Development of Subjective Well-Being in Adolescence," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(19), pages 1-23, September.
    4. Elisa Mancinelli & Hanna D. Liberska & Jian-Bin Li & José P. Espada & Elisa Delvecchio & Claudia Mazzeschi & Adriana Lis & Silvia Salcuni, 2021. "A Cross-Cultural Study on Attachment and Adjustment Difficulties in Adolescence: The Mediating Role of Self-Control in Italy, Spain, China, and Poland," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(16), pages 1-19, August.

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