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Changes in Carbon Cycling during Development of Successional Agroforestry

Author

Listed:
  • Tomas Selecky

    () (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Müncheberg 15374, Germany)

  • Sonoko D. Bellingrath-Kimura

    () (Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Müncheberg 15374, Germany
    Faculty of Life Science, Humboldt University of Berlin, Berlin 14195, Germany)

  • Yuji Kobata

    () (Department of International Environmental and Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu 183-8509, Japan)

  • Masaaki Yamada

    () (Department of International Environmental and Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu 183-8509, Japan)

  • Iraê A. Guerrini

    () (Department of International Environmental and Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu 183-8509, Japan
    Department of Soil and Environmental Ressources, Sao Paulo State University, Sao Paulo 01049-010, Brazil)

  • Helio M. Umemura

    () (Department of International Environmental and Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu 183-8509, Japan)

  • Dinaldo A. Dos Santos

    () (Cooperativa Agrícola Mista de Tomé-açu (CAMTA), Tome Acu 68.682-000, Brazil)

Abstract

Successional agroforestry systems (SAFS) mimic the structure of natural forests while providing economical outputs. This study clarifies how carbon cycling and carbon sequestration change during successional development of SAFS. In Brazil, three successional stages of SAFS, 6, 12, and 34 years old, were compared in terms of carbon balance. Aboveground biomass, fruit harvest, litterfall, soil respiration, and soil organic carbon were measured for two years and analyzed. Carbon sequestration expressed by net primary productivity increased with age of SAFS from 9.8 Mg·C·ha −1 ·year −1 in 6-year-old system to 13.5 Mg·C·ha −1 ·year −1 in 34-year-old system. Accumulation of plant biomass and increased internal carbon cycling in SAFS led to an intensive sequestration of carbon. SAFS can be a sustainable way of agricultural production on vulnerable tropical soils.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomas Selecky & Sonoko D. Bellingrath-Kimura & Yuji Kobata & Masaaki Yamada & Iraê A. Guerrini & Helio M. Umemura & Dinaldo A. Dos Santos, 2017. "Changes in Carbon Cycling during Development of Successional Agroforestry," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-12, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:7:y:2017:i:3:p:25-:d:92792
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Cheryl Palm & Tom Tomich & Meine Van Noordwijk & Steve Vosti & James Gockowski & Julio Alegre & Lou Verchot, 2004. "Mitigating GHG Emissions in the Humid Tropics: Case Studies from the Alternatives to Slash-and-Burn Program (ASB)," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 145-162, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    successional agroforestry; carbon cycling; soil fertility; Brazil; aboveground biomass; SOC; litterfall; respiration;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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