External economies of scale, government purchasing commitment and welfare improvements in the vaccines industry
Some industries exhibit external economies of scale. In these cases,the introduction of self-financing tax subsidy programmes canimprove social welfare. This paper advocates intervention incompetitive markets if economies of scale existand implementing the policy is inexpensive.
Volume (Year): 1 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
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- John S. Chipman, 1970. "External Economies of Scale and Competitive Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(3), pages 347-385.
- Aoki, Masahiko, 1971.
"Marshallian External Economies and Optimal Tax-Subsidy Structure,"
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- Jacques Thépot, 2003. "Pareto-Improving Redistribution in a Monopoly," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 54(2), pages 165-178.
- Frank D. Graham, 1923. "Some Aspects of Protection Further Considered," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 37(2), pages 199-227.
- Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "Decreasing Costs in International Trade and Frank Graham's Argument for Protection," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1243-68, September.
- Panagariya, Arvind, 1981. "Variable Returns to Scale in Production and Patterns of Specialization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(1), pages 221-30, March.
- Chandra, Vandana & Franck, David & Naqvi, Nadeem, 2002. "World Increasing Returns and Production Subsidies," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 69(274), pages 223-27, May.
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