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Does Foreign Direct Investment Enhance Labor Productivity Growth in Chile? A Cointegration Analysis


  • Miguel D. Ramirez

    () (Department of Economics, Trinity College)


This paper examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on labor productivity growth in Chile. After a critical review of the Chilean experience with FDI flows during the 1990s, the paper presents a simple growth model that explicitly incorporates any positive (negative) externalities generated by additions to the foreign capital stock. Using cointegration analysis, the article estimates a dynamic labor productivity function for the 1960-2000 period that includes, inter alia, the impact of changes in the stock of foreign and public capital. The error correction model (ECM) estimates suggest that increases in both public (lagged) and foreign (lagged) investment have a positive and economically significant effect on the rate of labor productivity growth. The error correction terms of the estimated model are negative and statistically significant, thus suggesting that deviations of actual labor productivity from its long-run value are corrected in subsequent periods. The article also reports historical simulations from the estimated ECMs that show that the models are able to track the movements in the actual series. Finally, the paper offers some cautionary observations with regard to the role of FDI flows in promoting capital formation and labor productivity growth in Chile.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel D. Ramirez, 2006. "Does Foreign Direct Investment Enhance Labor Productivity Growth in Chile? A Cointegration Analysis," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 32(2), pages 205-220, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:32:y:2006:i:2:p:205-220

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. MD. Ramirez, 2000. "Public capital formation and labor productivity growth in Chile," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(2), pages 159-169, April.
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    7. W. Robert & J. Alexander, 1994. "The investment-output ratio in growth regressions," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(5), pages 74-76.
    8. Barry P. Bosworth & Susan M. Collins, 1999. "Capital Flows to Developing Economies: Implications for Saving and Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 30(1), pages 143-180.
    9. Teitel, Simon & Colman Sercovich, Francisco, 1984. "Latin America," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 12(5-6), pages 645-660.
    10. Luiz de Mello, 1997. "Foreign direct investment in developing countries and growth: A selective survey," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 1-34.
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    12. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    13. Nelson, Charles R. & Plosser, Charles I., 1982. "Trends and random walks in macroeconmic time series : Some evidence and implications," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(2), pages 139-162.
    14. Nader Nazmi & Miguel D. Ramirez, 1997. "Public And Private Investment And Economic Growth In Mexico," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 15(1), pages 65-75, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jose Romero, 2012. "Inversión extranjera directa y crecimiento económico en México: 1940-2010," Serie documentos de trabajo del Centro de Estudios Económicos 2012-12, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos.
    2. Ebert, Laura & La Menza, Tania, 2015. "Chile, copper and resource revenue: A holistic approach to assessing commodity dependence," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 101-111.
    3. Mulder, Nanno, 2009. "Weak links between exports and economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean," Comercio Internacional 91, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

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