Open Regionalism and World Welfare
The recent resurgence of regionalism has raised concerns that regionalism may undermine the spirit of global free trade. This paper examines a simple four-country model of welfare-maximizing customs-union formation in which the number of customs union: and their sizes are endogenously determined. Customs unions are stepping stones toward global free trade under the open membership (open regionalism) rule. However, customs unions can be (and typically are) stumbling blocks against global free trade under exclusive membership rules, such as the unanimous regionalism rule.
Volume (Year): 22 (1996)
Issue (Month): 4 (Fall)
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- Kemp, Murray C. & Wan, Henry Jr., 1976. "An elementary proposition concerning the formation of customs unions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 95-97, February.
- Richard Baldwin, 1993.
"A Domino Theory of Regionalism,"
NBER Working Papers
4465, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Sang-Seung, Yi, 1996. "Endogenous formation of customs unions under imperfect competition: open regionalism is good," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1-2), pages 153-177, August.
- Levy, Philip I, 1997. "A Political-Economic Analysis of Free-Trade Agreements," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(4), pages 506-19, September.
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