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Education, Location, and Labor Market Outcomes of Puerto Rican Men during the 1980s


  • Maria E. Enchautegui

    (Urban Institute)


Employment and wages of Puerto Rican men, a group acutely disadvantaged in the labor market are examined by focusing on the role of education and location in these changes. During the 1980s, Puerto Rican men benefited from educational upgrading, increasing returns to education, and wage growth in the Northeast region. Despite these factors, however, real hourly wages grew only by 3 percent, and the proportion of employed men with earnings below the family poverty level remained at 33 percent. These results show the sensitivity of Puerto Rican men to regional economic conditions and the lack of progress of the less-educated workers during the 1980s.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria E. Enchautegui, 1993. "Education, Location, and Labor Market Outcomes of Puerto Rican Men during the 1980s," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 295-308, Summer.
  • Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:19:y:1993:i:3:p:295-308

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Timothy J. Bartik, 2003. "Local Economic Development Policies," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 03-91, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    2. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    3. Ihlanfeldt, Keith R. & Sjoquist, David L., 1989. "The impact of job decentralization on the economic welfare of central city blacks," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 110-130, July.
    4. M. E. Enchautegui, "undated". "Migration out of New York and the labor force participation of Puerto Rican and Non- Hispanic Women," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 962-92, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
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    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


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