The Equity-Efficiency Tradeoff under Capitalism and Market Socialism
This paper utilizes a simple general equilibrium tax policy model and empirical data on labor income and capital wealth distribution in the United States to examine the equity-efficiency tradeoff under capitalism and a specific variant of market socialism designated "pragmatic market socialism." Under this variant of market socialism, property return produced by a publicly owned, but commercially oriented, business enterprise sector would be distributed on the basis of labor income rather than financial capital ownership. Under arguably reasonable assumptions, the pragmatic market socialist economy would display both higher output and greater consumption equality than the equivalent capitalist economy.
Volume (Year): 17 (1991)
Issue (Month): 1 (Jan-Mar)
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- Ballard, Charles L & Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1985. "General Equilibrium Computations of the Marginal Welfare Costs of Taxes in the United States," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(1), pages 128-38, March.
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- Peter Murrell, 1983. "Did the theory of market socialism answer the challenge of Ludwig von Mises? A reinterpretation of the socialist controversy," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 92-105, Spring.
- Dwight Israelseni, L., 1980. "Collectives, communes, and incentives," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 99-124, June.
- Danziger, Sheldon & Haveman, Robert & Plotnick, Robert, 1981. "How Income Transfer Programs Affect Work, Savings, and the Income Distribution: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 975-1028, September.
- Abram Bergson, 1967. "Market Socialism Revisited," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 655.
- Vaughn, Karen I, 1980. "Economic Calculation under Socialism: The Austrian Contribution," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(4), pages 535-54, October.
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