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Growing bus patronage and addressing transport disadvantage--The Melbourne experience


  • Loader, Chris
  • Stanley, John


Melbourne's bus network serves two-thirds of the city's population but, until recently, has generally had very poor service levels. The Victorian government has recently embarked on programs to (1) extend a network of premium trunk routes to address a 'mass transit' agenda and (2) upgrade local routes to 'safety net' minimum service levels, to address a 'social transit' agenda (reducing transport disadvantage and social exclusion). The paper reviews recent experience from the service upgrades to assess how effective they have been in terms of these agendas. Analysis of patronage growth trends and the impacts of these upgrade programs suggest reasonable minimum service levels are required to attract new riders in times of modal shift, and are effective at building social capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Loader, Chris & Stanley, John, 2009. "Growing bus patronage and addressing transport disadvantage--The Melbourne experience," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 106-114, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:16:y:2009:i:3:p:106-114

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Graham Currie & Janet Stanley, 2007. "Investigating Links between Social Capital and Public Transport," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 529-547, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Clifton, Geoffrey T. & Mulley, Corinne, 2016. "A historical overview of enhanced bus services in Australian cities: What has been tried, what has worked?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 11-25.
    2. Rui Xiao & Guofeng Wang & Meng Wang, 2018. "Transportation Disadvantage and Neighborhood Sociodemographics: A Composite Indicator Approach to Examining Social Inequalities," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 29-43, May.
    3. Duvarci, Yavuz & Yigitcanlar, Tan & Mizokami, Shoshi, 2015. "Transportation disadvantage impedance indexing: A methodological approach to reduce policy shortcomings," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 61-75.
    4. Redman, Lauren & Friman, Margareta & Gärling, Tommy & Hartig, Terry, 2013. "Quality attributes of public transport that attract car users: A research review," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 119-127.
    5. Alejandro Sánchez-Atondo & Leonel García & Julio Calderón-Ramírez & José Manuel Gutiérrez-Moreno & Alejandro Mungaray-Moctezuma, 2020. "Understanding Public Transport Ridership in Developing Countries to Promote Sustainable Urban Mobility: A Case Study of Mexicali, Mexico," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(8), pages 1-21, April.
    6. Stanley, John K., 2010. "Goal achievement with trusting partnerships at the tactical level," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 99-105.
    7. Delbosc, Alexa & Currie, Graham, 2011. "Using Lorenz curves to assess public transport equity," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 1252-1259.
    8. Stanley, Janet & Lucas, Karen, 2008. "Social exclusion: What can public transport offer?," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 36-40, January.
    9. Julian Hine & Md. Kamruzzaman & Neale Blair, 2012. "Weekly activity-travel behaviour in rural Northern Ireland: differences by context and socio-demographic," Transportation, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 175-195, January.
    10. Lucas, Karen, 2012. "Transport and social exclusion: Where are we now?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 105-113.
    11. Deng, Haopeng & Li, Ye & Li, Wenxiang & Yu, Yuewu, 2016. "Urban transport social needs in China: Quantification with central government transit grant," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 126-139.
    12. Karen Lucas & Graham Currie, 2012. "Developing socially inclusive transportation policy: transferring the United Kingdom policy approach to the State of Victoria?," Transportation, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 151-173, January.
    13. Chris Nash (ed.), 2015. "Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Transport Economics and Policy," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14619.


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