IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Activity spaces: measures of social exclusion?

Listed author(s):
  • Schönfelder, Stefan
  • Axhausen, Kay W.
Registered author(s):

    The paper provides a first investigation of the suitability of different measures of activity space size to identify persons at risk of social exclusion. This would be a new departure for the measurement of social exclusion, which so far has relied either on aggregate measures of locations or cross-sectional data of individuals. The size of a person's activity space can only be estimated with information reflecting a longer time horizon. In this paper the six-week travel diary survey (Mobidrive) is used, which was conducted in two German cities in 1999. About 95% of all local trips were coded for 300 respondents (about 45,000 trips). The paper develops three possible measurement approaches of increasing complexity (confidence ellipse, kernel density estimates, shortest paths networks). The analysis revealed that the main driver of the size of the activity spaces is the overall number of unique locations visited by the respondents and to a lesser extent, their socio-demographic characteristics. In particular, the groups most often consider to be at risk of social exclusion (female, lower income, elderly) did not show significantly different activity spaces.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 (October)
    Pages: 273-286

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:10:y:2003:i:4:p:273-286
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Postal:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. M J Beckmann & T F Golob & Y Zahavi, 1983. "Travel Probability Fields and Urban Spatial Structure: 1. Theory," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 15(5), pages 593-606, May.
    2. Kay Axhausen & Andrea Zimmermann & Stefan Schönfelder & Guido Rindsfüser & Thomas Haupt, 2002. "Observing the rhythms of daily life: A six-week travel diary," Transportation, Springer, vol. 29(2), pages 95-124, May.
    3. M J Beckmann & T F Golob & Y Zahavi, 1983. "Travel probability fields and urban spatial structure: 2. Empirical tests," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 15(6), pages 727-738, June.
    4. M J Beckmann & T F Golob & Y Zahavi, 1983. "Travel probability fields and urban spatial structure: 1. Theory," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 15(5), pages 593-606, May.
    5. M J Beckmann & T F Golob & Y Zahavi, 1983. "Travel Probability Fields and Urban Spatial Structure: 2. Empirical Tests," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 15(6), pages 727-738, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:10:y:2003:i:4:p:273-286. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.