IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Understanding the impacts of a combination of service improvement strategies on bus running time and passenger’s perception


  • Diab, Ehab I.
  • El-Geneidy, Ahmed M.


Transit agencies implement many strategies in order to provide an attractive transportation service. This article aims to evaluate the impacts of implementing a combination of strategies, designed to improve the bus transit service, on running time and passenger satisfaction. These strategies include using smart card fare collection, introducing limited-stop bus service, implementing reserved bus lanes, using articulated buses, and implementing transit signal priority (TSP). This study uses stop-level data collected from the Société de transport de Montréal (STM)’s automatic vehicle location (AVL) and automatic passenger count (APC) systems, in Montréal, Canada. The combination of these strategies has lead to a 10.5% decline in running time along the limited stop service compared to the regular service. The regular route running time has increased by 1% on average compared to the initial time period. The study also shows that riders are generally satisfied with the service improvements. They tend to overestimate the savings associated with the implementation of this combination of strategies by 3.5–6.0min and by 2.5–4.1min for both the regular route and the limited stop service, respectively. This study helps transit planners and policy makers to better understand the effects of implementing a combination of strategies to improve running time and passenger’s perception of these changes in service.

Suggested Citation

  • Diab, Ehab I. & El-Geneidy, Ahmed M., 2012. "Understanding the impacts of a combination of service improvement strategies on bus running time and passenger’s perception," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 614-625.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:614-625 DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2011.11.013

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tétreault, Paul R. & El-Geneidy, Ahmed M., 2010. "Estimating bus run times for new limited-stop service using archived AVL and APC data," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 44(6), pages 390-402, July.
    2. Hensher, David A. & Stopher, Peter & Bullock, Philip, 2003. "Service quality--developing a service quality index in the provision of commercial bus contracts," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 499-517, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Celik, Erkan & Bilisik, Ozge Nalan & Erdogan, Melike & Gumus, Alev Taskin & Baracli, Hayri, 2013. "An integrated novel interval type-2 fuzzy MCDM method to improve customer satisfaction in public transportation for Istanbul," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 28-51.
    2. repec:eee:transa:v:99:y:2017:i:c:p:114-124 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Kuo, Pei-Fen & Lord, Dominique, 2013. "Accounting for site-selection bias in before–after studies for continuous distributions: Characteristics and application using speed data," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 256-269.
    4. Macarena Marchante Lara & Carlos G. Benavides Chicón, 2013. "Un análisis comparativo de la provisión del transporte público urbano: Especial referencia a la Ciudad de Málaga," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 3, pages 105-130.
    5. Freitas, André Luís Policani, 2013. "Assessing the quality of intercity road transportation of passengers: An exploratory study in Brazil," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 379-392.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:614-625. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.