IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Competitive regimes within the European bus industry: Theory and practice


  • Banister, David
  • Berechman, Joseph
  • De Rus, Gines


There seems to be a general move within Europe and North America towards a reduction in economic regulation and a further move towards public enterprise privatisation. This paper takes a European-wide analysis of the conditions of competition and contestability within the bus industry. The first part examines the theoretical arguments for regulatory reform and focuses in particular on the dynamics of the likely responses from the incumbent operators in anticipating the actual form of deregulation prior to legislative changes, and in the likely consequent actions to maintain their market position -- Pre-entry actions and post-entry reactions. Comment is also made on whether contestable bus markets are sustainable. The evidence of 10 years experience in Britain will be used to argue these propositions. The second part of the paper argues the case that potential competition is not enough and that certain actions need to be taken to ensure the market remains contestable. The experience of Britain is compared to the competitive regimes in other European Countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Banister, David & Berechman, Joseph & De Rus, Gines, 1992. "Competitive regimes within the European bus industry: Theory and practice," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 167-178, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:26:y:1992:i:2:p:167-178

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bruinsma, F. & Nijkamp, P. & Rietveld, P., 1990. "Infrastructure and metropolitan development in an international perspective : survey and methodological exploration," Serie Research Memoranda 0056, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Ongkittikul, Sumet & Geerlings, Harry, 2006. "Opportunities for innovation in public transport: Effects of regulatory reforms on innovative capabilities," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 283-293, July.
    2. Kerstens, K., 1996. "Technical efficiency measurement and explanation of French urban transit companies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 431-452, November.
    3. Small, Kenneth A., 1997. "Economics and urban transportation policy in the United States," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(6), pages 671-691, November.
    4. Muñoz, Juan Carlos & de Grange, Louis, 2010. "On the development of public transit in large cities," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 379-386.
    5. Clark, Derek J. & Jørgensen, Finn & Mathisen, Terje Andreas, 2011. "Relationships between fares, trip length and market competition," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 611-624, August.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:26:y:1992:i:2:p:167-178. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.