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Regional differences in HIV prevalence and individual attitudes among service providers in China

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  • Li, Li
  • Lin, Chunqing
  • Wu, Zunyou
  • Scott Comulada, W.
  • Ding, Yingying

Abstract

We examined the relationships between a region's HIV prevalence and HIV-related knowledge, perceived risk of HIV infection, perceived institutional support for HIV care, and avoidance attitude toward persons living with HIV (PLH) among service providers in China. Data were collected from 40 county-level hospitals in two provinces, including 1760 service providers. Multi-sample standardization and decomposition analysis was performed for HIV knowledge, perceived risk, institutional support, and avoidance attitude toward PLH. After adjusting for potential confounders, service providers from the province with higher HIV prevalence perceived a higher risk of contracting HIV at work, recognized more institutional support for HIV care, and reported a lower level of avoidance attitude toward PLH compared to those from the province with lower HIV prevalence. After confounding factors were standardized across provinces, occupational exposure experience was determined to be the strongest influence on the discrepancy of avoidance attitudes in the two provinces. Regional contextual factors could shape individual providers' attitudes and beliefs and impact the quality of care. Stigma reduction interventions need to be culturally tailored and region-specific.

Suggested Citation

  • Li, Li & Lin, Chunqing & Wu, Zunyou & Scott Comulada, W. & Ding, Yingying, 2012. "Regional differences in HIV prevalence and individual attitudes among service providers in China," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 283-287.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:75:y:2012:i:2:p:283-287
    DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.054
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