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Collective self-esteem and the onset of chronic conditions and reduced activity in a longitudinal study of aging

Author

Listed:
  • Bailis, Daniel S.
  • Chipperfield, Judith G.
  • Helgason, Tiffany R.

Abstract

Collective self-esteem (CSE) is an individual's self-evaluation as a member of social groups. It is thought to promote health and well-being in later life by moderating the harmful effects of losing personal control over these experiences. In this study of 144 community-dwelling older adults in Manitoba, Canada, among those with lower health-related perceived control, respondents with higher CSE at baseline developed significantly fewer chronic conditions over the next 6 years. An expected negative relationship between age and activity level, which respondents higher in CSE showed, was not observed among respondents with lower CSE, whose activity level in the sample age range (78-98 years) was already very low. Higher CSE thus appeared to delay the decline of activity and chronic health that would otherwise accompany age and the absence of perceived control.

Suggested Citation

  • Bailis, Daniel S. & Chipperfield, Judith G. & Helgason, Tiffany R., 2008. "Collective self-esteem and the onset of chronic conditions and reduced activity in a longitudinal study of aging," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 66(8), pages 1817-1827, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:66:y:2008:i:8:p:1817-1827
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. François Béland & Maria-Victoria Zunzunegui & Beatriz Alvarado & Angel Otero & Teodoro del Ser, 2005. "Trajectories of Cognitive Decline and Social Relations," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 60(6), pages 320-330.
    2. Becca R. Levy & Martin D. Slade & Stanislav V. Kasl, 2002. "Longitudinal Benefit of Positive Self-Perceptions of Aging on Functional Health," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 57(5), pages 409-417.
    3. Kazushi Okamoto & Yuko Tanaka, 2004. "Subjective Usefulness and 6-Year Mortality Risks Among Elderly Persons in Japan," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 59(5), pages 246-249.
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