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Population ageing in developed and developing regions: implications for health policy


  • Lloyd-Sherlock, Peter


Population ageing is now recognised as a global issue of increasing importance, and has many implications for health care and other areas of social policy. However, these issues remain relatively under-researched, particularly in poorer countries, and there is a dearth of specific policy initiatives at the international level. For example, the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development agreed to 15 key principles for future policy, but none of these even make indirect mention of the aged (International Conference on Population and Development, 1995, Documents. Programme of action of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development. Population and Development Review, 21(2), 437-461). This paper seeks to highlight some of the key issues arising from population ageing. It begins with a brief overview of international trends in demographic ageing, and considers the health needs of different groups of older people. It sketches out some implications for policy, paying particular attention to the financing and organisation of health services. The final part of the paper contains a discussion about how older people have been affected by, and have adapted to, processes of social, economic and political change. Given the wide scope of these concerns, it is not possible to discuss any issue in detail, and the paper does not claim to give the subject matter a comprehensive or global treatment. It must be stressed that patterns of ageing and their implications for policy are highly complex and variable, and, as such, great care should be taken in generalising between the experiences of different groups of older people, and between different settings.

Suggested Citation

  • Lloyd-Sherlock, Peter, 2000. "Population ageing in developed and developing regions: implications for health policy," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(6), pages 887-895, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:51:y:2000:i:6:p:887-895

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    Cited by:

    1. Leone, Tiziana, 2010. "How can demography inform health policy?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 25255, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Moonie, Sinovia & Quashie, Nekehia, 2011. "Social health protection for the elderly in the English-speaking Caribbean," Studies and Perspectives – ECLAC Subregional Headquarters for The Caribbean 17, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Bakshi, Sanjeev & Pathak, Prasanta, 2010. "Social context and the burden of ill health among the older adults in India," MPRA Paper 40463, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Gao, Jun & Raven, Joanna H. & Tang, Shenglan, 2007. "Hospitalisation among the elderly in urban China," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 84(2-3), pages 210-219, December.
    5. Khaksar, Seyed Mohammad Sadegh & Khosla, Rajiv & Chu, Mei Tai & Shahmehr, Fatemeh S., 2016. "Service Innovation Using Social Robot to Reduce Social Vulnerability among Older People in Residential Care Facilities," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 113(PB), pages 438-453.
    6. Hospers, Aaltje Paulien Nelian & Chahine, Lama M. & Chemali, Zeina, 2007. "Health care delivery systems for older adults: How do the Netherlands and Lebanon compare?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 65(10), pages 1979-1985, November.
    7. Danzer, Alexander M. & Danzer, Natalia, 2016. "Pension generosity and mental wellbeing: The effect of eradicating poverty at old-age," Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145910, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    8. Sanjay Mohanty & Rajesh Chauhan & Sumit Mazumdar & Akanksha Srivastava, 2014. "Out-of-pocket Expenditure on Health Care Among Elderly and Non-elderly Households in India," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 115(3), pages 1137-1157, February.
    9. Lloyd-Sherlock, Peter, 2000. "Old Age and Poverty in Developing Countries: New Policy Challenges," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 2157-2168, December.
    10. Parmar, Divya & Williams, Gemma & Dkhimi, Fahdi & Ndiaye, Alfred & Asante, Felix Ankomah & Arhinful, Daniel Kojo & Mladovsky, Philipa, 2014. "Enrolment of older people in social health protection programs in West Africa – Does social exclusion play a part?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 36-44.


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