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A meta-analysis of condom effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted HIV

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  • Weller, Susan C.

Abstract

Before condoms can be considered as a prophylaxis for sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), their efficacy must be considered. This paper reviews evidence on condom effectiveness in reducing the risk of heterosexually transmitted human HIV. A meta-analysis conducted on data from in vivo studies of HIV discordant sexual partners is used to estimate the protective effect of condoms. Although contraceptive research indicates that condoms are 87% effective in preventing pregnancy, results of HIV transmission studies indicate that condoms may reduce risk of HIV infection by approximately 69%. Thus, efficacy may be much lower than commonly assumed, although results should be viewed tentatively due to design limitations in the original studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Weller, Susan C., 1993. "A meta-analysis of condom effectiveness in reducing sexually transmitted HIV," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 1635-1644, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:36:y:1993:i:12:p:1635-1644
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    Cited by:

    1. Jeremy Greenwood & Philipp Kircher & Cezar Santos & Michèle Tertilt, 2019. "An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 87(4), pages 1081-1113, July.
    2. Jinzhu Zhao & Fujian Song & Shuhua Ren & Yan Wang & Liang Wang & Wei Liu & Ying Wan & Hong Xu & Tao Zhou & Tian Hu & Lydia Bazzano & Yi Sun, 2012. "Predictors of Condom Use Behaviors Based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) among Female Sex Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study in Hubei Province, China," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 7(11), pages 1-7, November.

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