IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Enduring happiness: Integrating the hedonic and eudaimonic approaches


  • Tomer, John F.


In explaining individual happiness, economists have largely emphasized the hedonic, utilitarian, material, and tangible aspects of a person's life. Another important explanation which owes much to Aristotle's thought emphasizes the eudaimonic, the realization of a person's inherent qualities, one's true potential. An interesting and pertinent development is very recent research which draws on both psychology and Buddhist thought in order to understand individual happiness.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomer, John F., 2011. "Enduring happiness: Integrating the hedonic and eudaimonic approaches," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 530-537.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:soceco:v:40:y:2011:i:5:p:530-537
    DOI: 10.1016/j.socec.2011.04.003

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John F. Tomer, 2003. "Personal Capital and Emotional Intelligence: An Increasingly Important Intangible Source of Economic Growth," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 29(3), pages 453-470, Summer.
    2. John F. Tomer, 2008. "Intangible Capital," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12605.
    3. Carol Ryff & Burton Singer, 2008. "Know Thyself and Become What You Are: A Eudaimonic Approach to Psychological Well-Being," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 13-39, January.
    4. Richard M. Ryan & Veronika Huta & Edward Deci, 2008. "Living well: a self-determination theory perspective on eudaimonia," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 139-170, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. repec:rss:jnljms:v6i3p4 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Fabio Zagonari, 2016. "Which Attitudes Will Make us Individually and Socially Happier and Healthier? A Cross-Culture and Cross-Development Analytical Model," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 17(6), pages 2527-2554, December.
    3. Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah & Ying-Leh Ling & Chen Siew Peng, 2016. "An Exploratory Analysis of Happiness at Workplace from Malaysian Teachers Perspective Using Performance-Welfare Model," International Journal of Asian Social Science, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(6), pages 340-346, June.

    More about this item


    Enduring happiness; Eudaimonic; Hedonic; Intangible capital; Imbalances; Buddhism; Personal capital;

    JEL classification:

    • Y - Miscellaneous Categories
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:soceco:v:40:y:2011:i:5:p:530-537. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.