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Fractional diffusion models of option prices in markets with jumps

Author

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  • Cartea, Álvaro
  • del-Castillo-Negrete, Diego

Abstract

Most of the recent literature dealing with the modeling of financial assets assumes that the underlying dynamics of equity prices follow a jump process or a Lévy process. This is done to incorporate rare or extreme events not captured by Gaussian models. Of those financial models proposed, the most interesting include the CGMY, KoBoL and FMLS. All of these capture some of the most important characteristics of the dynamics of stock prices. In this article we show that for these particular Lévy processes, the prices of financial derivatives, such as European-style options, satisfy a fractional partial differential equation (FPDE). As an application, we use numerical techniques to price exotic options, in particular barrier options, by solving the corresponding FPDEs derived.

Suggested Citation

  • Cartea, Álvaro & del-Castillo-Negrete, Diego, 2007. "Fractional diffusion models of option prices in markets with jumps," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 374(2), pages 749-763.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:374:y:2007:i:2:p:749-763
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2006.08.071
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Peter Carr & Liuren Wu, 2003. "The Finite Moment Log Stable Process and Option Pricing," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(2), pages 753-778, April.
    2. S. James Press, 1967. "A Compound Events Model for Security Prices," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 40, pages 317-317.
    3. Mainardi, Francesco & Raberto, Marco & Gorenflo, Rudolf & Scalas, Enrico, 2000. "Fractional calculus and continuous-time finance II: the waiting-time distribution," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 287(3), pages 468-481.
    4. Scalas, Enrico & Gorenflo, Rudolf & Mainardi, Francesco, 2000. "Fractional calculus and continuous-time finance," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 284(1), pages 376-384.
    5. Alan L. Lewis, 2001. "A Simple Option Formula for General Jump-Diffusion and other Exponential Levy Processes," Related articles explevy, Finance Press.
    6. Ernesto Mordecki, 2002. "Optimal stopping and perpetual options for Lévy processes," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 473-493.
    7. Alvaro Cartea, 2005. "Dynamic Hedging of Financial Instruments When the Underlying Follows a Non-Gaussian Process," Birkbeck Working Papers in Economics and Finance 0508, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
    8. Sokolov, I.M & Chechkin, A.V & Klafter, J, 2004. "Fractional diffusion equation for a power-law-truncated Lévy process," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 336(3), pages 245-251.
    9. Peter Carr & Helyette Geman, 2002. "The Fine Structure of Asset Returns: An Empirical Investigation," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75(2), pages 305-332, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Valentina V. Tarasova & Vasily E. Tarasov, 2016. "Fractional Dynamics of Natural Growth and Memory Effect in Economics," Papers 1612.09060, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2017.
    2. Andrey Itkin & Peter Carr, 2012. "Using Pseudo-Parabolic and Fractional Equations for Option Pricing in Jump Diffusion Models," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 40(1), pages 63-104, June.
    3. Valentina V. Tarasova & Vasily E. Tarasov, 2017. "Concept of dynamic memory in economics," Papers 1712.09088, arXiv.org.
    4. Xiao, Weilin & Zhang, Xili, 2016. "Pricing equity warrants with a promised lowest price in Merton’s jump–diffusion model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 458(C), pages 219-238.
    5. Valentina V. Tarasova & Vasily E. Tarasov, 2017. "Logistic map with memory from economic model," Papers 1712.09092, arXiv.org.
    6. Valentina V. Tarasova & Vasily E. Tarasov, 2017. "Dynamic intersectoral models with power-law memory," Papers 1712.09087, arXiv.org.
    7. Ali Balcı, Mehmet, 2017. "Time fractional capital-induced labor migration model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 477(C), pages 91-98.
    8. repec:eee:apmaco:v:305:y:2017:i:c:p:174-187 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sun, Lin, 2013. "Pricing currency options in the mixed fractional Brownian motion," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(16), pages 3441-3458.
    10. Valentina V. Tarasova & Vasily E. Tarasov, 2016. "Economic Accelerator with Memory: Discrete Time Approach," Papers 1612.07913, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2017.

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