IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Does firm life cycle impact corporate risk taking and performance?


  • Shahzad, Farrukh
  • Lu, Jing
  • Fareed, Zeeshan


This study examines the current and future performance as well as corporate risk taking (CRT) of firms across the different firm life cycle stages. We find CRT is higher during the introduction and decline stages, and lower during the mature and growth stages. Further, we find a negative relation between CRT and both current and future performance during the introduction and decline stages, but a positive relation during the mature and growth stages. We also examine the moderating effects of investor sentiment, idiosyncratic volatility, and cash flow volatility. Results suggest that during periods of higher investor sentiment CRT increases, and firms respond to sentiment differently during life cycle stages. Idiosyncratic volatility (IV) and cash flow volatility (CFV) play vital roles in determining future risk taking and risk aversion at different firm life cycles stages. Results are robust to alternative specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Shahzad, Farrukh & Lu, Jing & Fareed, Zeeshan, 2019. "Does firm life cycle impact corporate risk taking and performance?," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 23-44.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mulfin:v:51:y:2019:i:c:p:23-44
    DOI: 10.1016/j.mulfin.2019.05.001

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Almand, Andrew & Cantrell, Brett & Dickinson, Victoria, 2023. "Accruals and firm life cycle: Improving regulatory earnings management detection," Advances in accounting, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    2. Fareed, Zeeshan & Wang, Nianyong & Shahzad, Farrukh & Meran Shah, Syed Ghulam & Iqbal, Najaf & Zulfiqar, Bushra, 2022. "Does good board governance reduce idiosyncratic risk in emerging markets? Evidence from China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    3. Wen, Fenghua & Li, Cui & Sha, Han & Shao, Liuguo, 2021. "How does economic policy uncertainty affect corporate risk-taking? Evidence from China," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 41(C).
    4. Shakil, Mohammad Hassan, 2021. "Environmental, social and governance performance and financial risk: Moderating role of ESG controversies and board gender diversity," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    5. Kanno, Masayasu, 2023. "Does ESG performance improve firm creditworthiness?," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(PA).
    6. Wang, Yawei & Kang, Qi & Zhou, Shoujiang & Dong, Yuanyuan & Liu, Junqi, 2022. "The impact of service robots in retail: Exploring the effect of novelty priming on consumer behavior," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    7. Lin, Boqiang & Wu, Nan, 2022. "Will the China's carbon emissions market increase the risk-taking of its enterprises?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 413-434.
    8. Farrukh Shahzad & Zeeshan Fareed & Bushra Zulfiqar & Umme Habiba & Muhammad Ikram, 2019. "Does abnormal lending behavior increase bank riskiness? Evidence from Turkey," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 5(1), pages 1-15, December.
    9. Wu, Xiaojuan & Dluhošová, Dana & Zmeškal, Zdeněk, 2023. "The moderating role of a corporate life cycle with the impact of economic value-added on corporate social responsibility: Evidence from China's listed companies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(C).
    10. Rui Li & Yongmei Cui & Yajun Zheng, 2021. "The Impact of Corporate Strategy on Enterprise Innovation Based on the Mediating Effect of Corporate Risk-Taking," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(3), pages 1-17, January.
    11. Shahzad, Farrukh & Ahmad, Munir & Fareed, Zeeshan & Wang, Zhenkun, 2022. "Innovation decisions through firm life cycle: A new evidence from emerging markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 51-67.

    More about this item


    Corporate risk taking; Firm life cycle; Idiosyncratic volatility; Cash flow volatility; Investor sentiment; Performance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:mulfin:v:51:y:2019:i:c:p:23-44. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.