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The valuation of the foreign income of US multinational firms: a growth opportunities perspective

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  • Bodnar, Gordon M.
  • Weintrop, Joseph

Abstract

This paper demonstrates the value-relevance of foreign earnings for U.S. multinational firms by examining the associations between annual abnormal stock performance and changes in firms' domestic and foreign incomes disclosed through SEC Regulation ?210.4-08(h). For 2570 firm-year observations between 1985 and 1993, both foreign and domestic earnings changes have significant positive associations with annual excess returns measures; however, the association coefficient on foreign income is significantly larger than the association coefficient on domestic income. This indicates that foreign earnings disclosures are value-relevant and suggests that firm value is more sensitive to foreign earnings than domestic earnings. We demonstrate that this larger foreign association coefficient is consistent with differences in growth opportunities between domestic and foreign operations. To further support the growth opportunity interpretation of the results, we demonstrate that larger foreign association coefficients are not due to the influence of exchange rate changes or the result of methodological problems such as differences in the timing of foreign versus domestic earnings recognition or misspecification in the earnings expectation process.
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Suggested Citation

  • Bodnar, Gordon M. & Weintrop, Joseph, 1997. "The valuation of the foreign income of US multinational firms: a growth opportunities perspective," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 69-97, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaecon:v:24:y:1997:i:1:p:69-97
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    Cited by:

    1. Fang, Yiwei & Francis, Bill & Hasan, Iftekhar, 2012. "More than connectedness : Heterogeneity of CEO social network and firm value," Research Discussion Papers 26/2012, Bank of Finland.
    2. Aabo, Tom & Pantzalis, Christos & Park, Jung Chul, 2015. "Multinationality and opaqueness," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 65-84.
    3. Joliet, Robert & Muller, Aline, 2016. "Are foreign earnings disclosures value-relevant?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 170-183.
    4. Jeffrey L. Callen, 2016. "Accounting Valuation and Cost of Equity Capital Dynamics," Abacus, Accounting Foundation, University of Sydney, vol. 52(1), pages 5-25, March.
    5. Dominguez, Kathryn M.E. & Tesar, Linda L., 2006. "Exchange rate exposure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 188-218, January.
    6. Doukas, John A. & Pantzalis, Christos, 2003. "Geographic diversification and agency costs of debt of multinational firms," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 59-92, January.
    7. Steve Lim, 2014. "The information content of disaggregated accounting profitability: operating activities versus financing activities," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 75-96, July.
    8. Park, Soon Hong & Suh, Jungwon & Yeung, Bernard, 2013. "Do multinational and domestic corporations differ in their leverage policies?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 115-139.
    9. Da HUO & Ken HUNG, 2015. "Internationalization Strategy and Firm Performance: Estimation of Corporate Strategy Effect Based on Big Data of Chinese IT Companies in a Complex Network," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(2), pages 148-163, June.
    10. Robert Freeman & Adam Koch & Haidan Li, 2011. "Can historical returns-earnings relations predict price responses to earnings news?," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 37(1), pages 35-62, July.
    11. Chiang, Yi-Chein & Ko, Chun-Lein, 2009. "An empirical study of equity agency costs and internationalization: Evidence from Taiwanese firms," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 369-382, September.
    12. Gordon M. Bodnar & Charles Tang & Joseph Weintrop, 1997. "Both Sides of Corporate Diversification: The Value Impacts of Geographic and Industrial Diversification," NBER Working Papers 6224, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. repec:eee:jiaata:v:29:y:2017:i:c:p:81-102 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eee:jiaata:v:22:y:2013:i:2:p:98-108 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Thomas, Wayne B., 1999. "A test of the market's mispricing of domestic and foreign earnings," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 243-267, December.
    16. repec:bla:abacus:v:53:y:2017:i:1:p:28-58 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Amine Tarazi & Iftekhar Hasan & Ibrahim Siraj & Qiang Wu, 2016. "Value Relevance of Earnings of Multinational Firms: Regulatory Regimes Associated with Foreign Subsidiaries," Working Papers hal-01360048, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • M4 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting

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