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Efficient versus inefficient hedging strategies in the presence of financial and longevity (value at) risk

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  • Luciano, Elisa
  • Regis, Luca

Abstract

This paper provides a closed-form Value-at-Risk (VaR) for the net exposure of an annuity provider, taking into account both mortality and interest-rate risk, on both assets and liabilities. It builds a classical risk-return frontier and shows that hedging strategies–such as the transfer of longevity risk–may increase the overall risk while decreasing expected returns, thus resulting in inefficient outcomes. Once calibrated to the 2010 UK longevity and bond market, the model gives conditions under which hedging policies become inefficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciano, Elisa & Regis, Luca, 2014. "Efficient versus inefficient hedging strategies in the presence of financial and longevity (value at) risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 68-77.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:insuma:v:55:y:2014:i:c:p:68-77
    DOI: 10.1016/j.insmatheco.2013.12.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dhaene, Jan & Kukush, Alexander & Luciano, Elisa & Schoutens, Wim & Stassen, Ben, 2013. "On the (in-)dependence between financial and actuarial risks," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 522-531.
    2. Paolo Battocchio & Francesco Menoncin & Olivier Scaillet, 2007. "Optimal asset allocation for pension funds under mortality risk during the accumulation and decumulation phases," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 152(1), pages 141-165, July.
    3. Biffis, Enrico & Blake, David, 2010. "Securitizing and tranching longevity exposures," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 186-197, February.
    4. Hainaut, Donatien & Devolder, Pierre, 2007. "Management of a pension fund under mortality and financial risks," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 134-155, July.
    5. Samuel H. Cox & Yijia Lin & Ruilin Tian & Luis F. Zuluaga, 2013. "Mortality Portfolio Risk Management," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 80(4), pages 853-890, December.
    6. Elisa Luciano & Luca Regis & Elena Vigna, 2017. "Single- and Cross-Generation Natural Hedging of Longevity and Financial Risk," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 84(3), pages 961-986, September.
    7. Delong, Lukasz & Gerrard, Russell & Haberman, Steven, 2008. "Mean-variance optimization problems for an accumulation phase in a defined benefit plan," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 107-118, February.
    8. Robert Jarrow & Stuart Turnbull, 1994. "Delta, gamma and bucket hedging of interest rate derivatives," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 21-48.
    9. Luciano, Elisa & Regis, Luca & Vigna, Elena, 2012. "Delta–Gamma hedging of mortality and interest rate risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 402-412.
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    Cited by:

    1. Petar Jevtic' & Luca Regis, 2014. "Assessing the solvency of insurance portfolios via a continuous time cohort model," Working Papers 7/2014, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Jul 2014.
    2. Jevtić, Petar & Regis, Luca, 2015. "Assessing the solvency of insurance portfolios via a continuous-time cohort model," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 36-47.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    VaR for life insurance; Inefficient longevity risk transfer; Interest-rate with longevity risk;

    JEL classification:

    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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