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Single and cross-generation natural hedging of longevity and financial risk


  • Elisa Luciano
  • Luca Regis
  • Elena Vigna


The paper provides natural hedging strategies among death benefits and annuities written on a single and on different generations. It obtains closed-form Delta and Gamma hedges, in the presence of both longevity and interest rate risk. We present an application to UK data on survivorship and bond dynamics. We first compare longevity and financial risk exposures: Deltas and Gammas for longevity risk are greater in absolute value than the corresponding sensitivities for interest rate risk. We then calculate the optimal hedges, both within and across generations. Our results apply to both asset and asset-liability management.

Suggested Citation

  • Elisa Luciano & Luca Regis & Elena Vigna, 2012. "Single and cross-generation natural hedging of longevity and financial risk," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 257, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
  • Handle: RePEc:cca:wpaper:257

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David Blake & Andrew Cairns & Kevin Dowd & Richard MacMinn, 2006. "Longevity Bonds: Financial Engineering, Valuation, and Hedging," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 73(4), pages 647-672.
    2. Anja De Waegenaere & Bertrand Melenberg & Ralph Stevens, 2010. "Longevity Risk," De Economist, Springer, vol. 158(2), pages 151-192, June.
    3. LUCIANO, Elisa & VIGNA, Elena, 2008. "Mortality risk via affine stochastic intensities: calibration and empirical relevance," MPRA Paper 59627, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Elisa Luciano & Luca Regis & Elena Vigna, 2011. "Delta and Gamma hedging of mortality and interest rate risk," ICER Working Papers - Applied Mathematics Series 01-2011, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
    5. Hull, John & White, Alan, 1990. "Pricing Interest-Rate-Derivative Securities," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 3(4), pages 573-592.
    6. Nadine Gatzert & Hannah Wesker, 2012. "The impact of natural hedging on a life insurer's risk situation," Journal of Risk Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 13(5), pages 396-423, November.
    7. Darrell Duffie & Jun Pan & Kenneth Singleton, 2000. "Transform Analysis and Asset Pricing for Affine Jump-Diffusions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(6), pages 1343-1376, November.
    8. David Heath & Robert Jarrow & Andrew Morton, 2008. "Bond Pricing And The Term Structure Of Interest Rates: A New Methodology For Contingent Claims Valuation," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Financial Derivatives Pricing Selected Works of Robert Jarrow, chapter 13, pages 277-305 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    9. Robert Jarrow & Stuart Turnbull, 1994. "Delta, gamma and bucket hedging of interest rate derivatives," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 21-48.
    10. Luciano, Elisa & Regis, Luca & Vigna, Elena, 2012. "Delta–Gamma hedging of mortality and interest rate risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 402-412.
    11. Jennifer L. Wang & H.C. Huang & Sharon S. Yang & Jeffrey T. Tsai, 2010. "An Optimal Product Mix for Hedging Longevity Risk in Life Insurance Companies: The Immunization Theory Approach," Journal of Risk & Insurance, The American Risk and Insurance Association, vol. 77(2), pages 473-497.
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    Cited by:

    1. An Chen & Elena Vigna, 2015. "A unisex stochastic mortality model to comply with EU Gender Directive," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 440, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
    2. Petar Jevtic' & Luca Regis, 2014. "Assessing the solvency of insurance portfolios via a continuous time cohort model," Working Papers 7/2014, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Jul 2014.
    3. Peter Jevtic & Luca Regis, 2016. "A continuous-time stochastic model for the mortality surface of multiple populations," Working Papers 03/2016, IMT Institute for Advanced Studies Lucca, revised Jul 2016.
    4. Luciano, Elisa & Regis, Luca, 2014. "Efficient versus inefficient hedging strategies in the presence of financial and longevity (value at) risk," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 68-77.
    5. Elisa Luciano & Luca Regis, 2012. "Demographic risk transfer: is it worth for annuity providers?," ICER Working Papers 11-2012, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
    6. Clemente De Rosa & Elisa Luciano & Luca Regis, 2015. "Static versus dynamic longevity-risk hedging," Carlo Alberto Notebooks 403, Collegio Carlo Alberto.
    7. Jevtić, Petar & Regis, Luca, 2015. "Assessing the solvency of insurance portfolios via a continuous-time cohort model," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 36-47.
    8. repec:bla:jrinsu:v:84:y:2017:i:1:p:153-175 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Longevity risk; Interest rate risk; Delta-Gamma hedging; Natural hedging; Cross-generation hedging.;

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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