IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Influence of the pro-ecological tax on the market prices of fuels and electricity


  • Szargut, Jan
  • Stanek, Wojciech


The proposed pro-ecological tax should be proportional to the cumulative consumption of non-renewable natural exergy burdening the considered product. It should replace the existing value-added tax (VAT). The income of the state after introducing the new tax, should remain without any change. That principle determines the coefficient of proportionality between the cumulative consumption of non-renewable exergy and the value of the tax. The total value of the tax should be paid to the state after extracting the minerals and fuels from nature and importing the fuels and semi-finished products, then transferred to the subsequent products in a form of their elevated price. Hence, the tax is eventually paid by the consumers in the form of an elevated price of goods and services. The total income of the society should remain without any changes. The largest price increase will appear in the case of fuels and electricity. The prices of electricity produced from renewable resources are calculated too, taking into account the accompanying unavoidable consumption of non-renewable exergy for the construction of the power plant. The new VAT should enhance the economy of the most energy-consuming products, stimulate the mitigation of the total consumption level of the society and increase the application of the renewable energy resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Szargut, Jan & Stanek, Wojciech, 2008. "Influence of the pro-ecological tax on the market prices of fuels and electricity," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 137-143.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:33:y:2008:i:2:p:137-143
    DOI: 10.1016/

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Szargut, J., 2002. "Application of exergy for the determination of the pro-ecological tax replacing the actual personal taxes," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 379-389.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Mei Liao & Chao Ma & Dongpu Yao & Huizheng Liu, 2013. "Decomposition of embodied exergy flows in manufactured products and implications for carbon tariff policies," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 265-283, September.
    2. Teles dos Santos, Moisés & Park, Song Won, 2013. "Sustainability and biophysics basis of technical and economic processes: A survey of the reconciliation by thermodynamics," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 261-271.
    3. repec:eee:energy:v:138:y:2017:i:c:p:920-928 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Stanek, Wojciech & Czarnowska, Lucyna & Pikoń, Krzysztof & Bogacka, Magdalena, 2015. "Thermo-ecological cost of hard coal with inclusion of the whole life cycle chain," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 92(P3), pages 341-348.
    5. Domínguez, Adriana & Czarnowska, Lucyna & Valero, Alicia & Stanek, Wojciech & Valero, Antonio, 2014. "Thermo-ecological and exergy replacement costs of nickel processing," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 103-114.
    6. Kostowski, Wojciech J. & Usón, Sergio & Stanek, Wojciech & Bargiel, Paweł, 2014. "Thermoecological cost of electricity production in the natural gas pressure reduction process," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 10-18.
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:143:y:2018:i:c:p:417-423 is not listed on IDEAS


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:33:y:2008:i:2:p:137-143. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.