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The Chinese nonferrous metals industry--energy use and CO2 emissions


  • Yanjia, Wang
  • Chandler, William


China is the largest nonferrous metals producer in the world and largest consumer for six kinds of common nonferrous metals including copper, aluminum, zinc, lead, nickel and tin. This paper provides an overview of the nonferrous metals industry in China, from a CO2 emissions reduction perspective. It addresses energy use disaggregated by energy carrier and by province. It focuses on an analysis of energy efficiency in the production of aluminum, copper and nickel. A few large-scale enterprises produce most of the aluminum, copper and nickel in China, and use manufacturing facilities that were built within the last 20 years or have recently upgraded their main production equipment and processes. The energy efficiency of these operations is not particularly low compared to international practice. A large number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) operate nonferrous metals production facilities which rank low in energy efficiency and therefore are highly energy intensive per unit of physical output. Backward production capacity would be phased out continuously by enforcing the energy intensity norms.

Suggested Citation

  • Yanjia, Wang & Chandler, William, 2010. "The Chinese nonferrous metals industry--energy use and CO2 emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6475-6484, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:11:p:6475-6484

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    Cited by:

    1. Shkolnikov, E.I. & Zhuk, A.Z. & Vlaskin, M.S., 2011. "Aluminum as energy carrier: Feasibility analysis and current technologies overview," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4611-4623.
    2. Boulamanti, Aikaterini & Moya, Jose Antonio, 2016. "Production costs of the non-ferrous metals in the EU and other countries: Copper and zinc," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 112-118.
    3. Ren, Shenggang & Hu, Zhen, 2012. "Effects of decoupling of carbon dioxide emission by Chinese nonferrous metals industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 407-414.
    4. Giovanni Andrés Quintana-Pedraza & Sara Cristina Vieira-Agudelo & Nicolás Muñoz-Galeano, 2019. "A Cradle-to-Grave Multi-Pronged Methodology to Obtain the Carbon Footprint of Electro-Intensive Power Electronic Products," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-16, August.
    5. Harald Ulrik Sverdrup & Anna Hulda Olafsdottir, 2020. "Conceptualization and parameterization of the market price mechanism in the WORLD6 model for metals, materials, and fossil fuels," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 33(3), pages 285-310, October.
    6. Wang, Miao & Feng, Chao, 2018. "Decomposing the change in energy consumption in China's nonferrous metal industry: An empirical analysis based on the LMDI method," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 82(P3), pages 2652-2663.
    7. Harald Ulrik Sverdrup & Anna Hulda Olafsdottir, 0. "Conceptualization and parameterization of the market price mechanism in the WORLD6 model for metals, materials, and fossil fuels," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 0, pages 1-26.
    8. Wu, Rui & Geng, Yong & Cui, Xiaowei & Gao, Ziyan & Liu, Zhiqing, 2019. "Reasons for recent stagnancy of carbon emissions in China's industrial sectors," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 172(C), pages 457-466.
    9. Lin, Boqiang & Chen, Xing, 2020. "How technological progress affects input substitution and energy efficiency in China: A case of the non-ferrous metals industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 206(C).
    10. Khuc, Quy Van & Ho, Tung Manh & Nguyen, Hong-Kong T. & Nguyen, Minh-Hoang & Ho, Manh-Toan & Vuong, Thu-Trang & La, Viet-Phuong & Vuong, Quan-Hoang, 2020. "Toward a new paradigm of environmentally friendly cultural values," OSF Preprints 3g26q, Center for Open Science.
    11. Saygin, D. & Worrell, E. & Patel, M.K. & Gielen, D.J., 2011. "Benchmarking the energy use of energy-intensive industries in industrialized and in developing countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 6661-6673.


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