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A practical finite difference method for the three-dimensional Black–Scholes equation

Author

Listed:
  • Kim, Junseok
  • Kim, Taekkeun
  • Jo, Jaehyun
  • Choi, Yongho
  • Lee, Seunggyu
  • Hwang, Hyeongseok
  • Yoo, Minhyun
  • Jeong, Darae

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a fast and accurate numerical method for pricing of the three-asset equity-linked securities options. The option pricing model is based on the Black–Scholes partial differential equation. The model is discretized by using a non-uniform finite difference method and the resulting discrete equations are solved by using an operator splitting method. For fast and accurate calculation, we put more grid points near the singularity of the nonsmooth payoff function. To demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed numerical method, we compare the results of the method with those from Monte Carlo simulation in terms of computational cost and accuracy. The numerical results show that the cost of the proposed method is comparable to that of the Monte Carlo simulation and it provides more stable hedging parameters such as the Greeks.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Junseok & Kim, Taekkeun & Jo, Jaehyun & Choi, Yongho & Lee, Seunggyu & Hwang, Hyeongseok & Yoo, Minhyun & Jeong, Darae, 2016. "A practical finite difference method for the three-dimensional Black–Scholes equation," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 252(1), pages 183-190.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:252:y:2016:i:1:p:183-190
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2015.12.012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bandi, Chaithanya & Bertsimas, Dimitris, 2014. "Robust option pricing," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 239(3), pages 842-853.
    2. Black, Fischer & Scholes, Myron S, 1973. "The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 637-654, May-June.
    3. Pun, Chi Seng & Chung, Shing Fung & Wong, Hoi Ying, 2015. "Variance swap with mean reversion, multifactor stochastic volatility and jumps," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 245(2), pages 571-580.
    4. Rambeerich, N. & Tangman, D.Y. & Lollchund, M.R. & Bhuruth, M., 2013. "High-order computational methods for option valuation under multifactor models," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 224(1), pages 219-226.
    5. Yongsik Kim & Hyeong-Ohk Bae & Hyeng Keun Koo, 2014. "Option pricing and Greeks via a moving least square meshfree method," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(10), pages 1753-1764, October.
    6. Zvan, R. & Vetzal, K. R. & Forsyth, P. A., 2000. "PDE methods for pricing barrier options," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 24(11-12), pages 1563-1590, October.
    7. Marroquı´n-Martı´nez, Naroa & Moreno, Manuel, 2013. "Optimizing bounds on security prices in incomplete markets. Does stochastic volatility specification matter?," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 225(3), pages 429-442.
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