IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

City-courier routing and scheduling problems


  • Chang, Tsung-Sheng
  • Yen, Hui-Mei


This research seeks to propose innovative routing and scheduling strategies to help city couriers reduce operating costs and enhance service level. The strategies are realized by constructing a new type of routing and scheduling problem. The problem directly takes into account the inherent physical and operating constraints associated with riding in city distribution networks, which makes the problem involve multiple objectives and visiting specified nodes and arcs. Through network transformations, this study first formulates the city-courier routing and scheduling problem as a multi-objective multiple traveling salesman problem with strict time windows (MOMTSPSTW) that is NP-hard and new to the literature, and then proposes a multi-objective Scatter Search framework that seeks to find the set of Pareto-optimal solutions to the problem. Various new and improved sub-procedures are embedded in the solution framework. This is followed by an empirical study that shows and analyzes the results of applying the proposed method to a real-life city-courier routing and scheduling problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Chang, Tsung-Sheng & Yen, Hui-Mei, 2012. "City-courier routing and scheduling problems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 223(2), pages 489-498.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:223:y:2012:i:2:p:489-498 DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2012.06.007

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jaszkiewicz, Andrzej, 2002. "Genetic local search for multi-objective combinatorial optimization," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 137(1), pages 50-71, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Park, Hyeongjun & Park, Dongjoo & Jeong, In-Jae, 2016. "An effects analysis of logistics collaboration in last-mile networks for CEP delivery services," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 115-125.
    2. Diego Cattaruzza & Nabil Absi & Dominique Feillet & Jesús González-Feliu, 0. "Vehicle routing problems for city logistics," EURO Journal on Transportation and Logistics, Springer;EURO - The Association of European Operational Research Societies, vol. 0, pages 1-29.
    3. repec:spr:eurjtl:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s13676-014-0074-0 is not listed on IDEAS


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:223:y:2012:i:2:p:489-498. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.