IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/dyncon/v32y2008i7p2269-2290.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Optimal multiple stopping models of reload options and shout options

Author

Listed:
  • Dai, Min
  • Kwok, Yue Kuen

Abstract

The reload provision in an employee stock option entitles its holder to receive one new (reload) option from the employer for each share tendered as the payment of strike upon the exercise of the stock option. The number of reloads allowed can be finite or infinite. The shout feature in a call option allows its holder to reset the option's strike price to the prevailing stock price upon shouting. We explore a symmetry relationship between the price functions of the employee reload options and shout call options. When the dividend yield of the underlying stock is zero, the value of the employee reload option can be expressed in terms of the price functions of a shout call option and a forward contract. For an employee reload option with an infinite number of allowable reloads, the payoff of the employee reload option can be related to the lookback feature of the stock price process. We also examine the optimal exercise policies of the multi-reload employee stock options. The behavior of the critical stock price at which the holder should exercise optimally is shown to depend on the relative magnitude of the dividend yield, interest rate and volatility. Our analysis of the multi-reload and multi-shout options contributes to the literature on optimal stopping policies of contingent claims with multiple stopping rights.

Suggested Citation

  • Dai, Min & Kwok, Yue Kuen, 2008. "Optimal multiple stopping models of reload options and shout options," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 2269-2290, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:7:p:2269-2290
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165-1889(07)00226-6
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Min Dai & Yue Kuen Kwok & Lixin Wu, 2004. "Optimal Shouting Policies Of Options With Strike Reset Right," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(3), pages 383-401.
    2. Min Dai & Yue Kuen Kwok, 2005. "Valuing employee reload options under the time vesting requirement," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 61-69.
    3. Philip H. Dybvig & Mark Loewenstein, 2003. "Employee Reload Options: Pricing, Hedging, and Optimal Exercise," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 16(1), pages 145-171.
    4. Steven Huddart & Ravi Jagannathan & Jane Saly, 1999. "Valuing the Reload Features of Executive Stock Options," NBER Working Papers 7020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. N. Meinshausen & B. M. Hambly, 2004. "Monte Carlo Methods For The Valuation Of Multiple-Exercise Options," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(4), pages 557-583.
    6. Johnson, Shane A. & Tian, Yisong S., 2000. "The value and incentive effects of nontraditional executive stock option plans," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 3-34, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:wsi:ijtafx:v:18:y:2015:i:05:n:s0219024915500326 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Tim Leung & Kazutoshi Yamazaki & Hongzhong Zhang, 2015. "Optimal Multiple Stopping with Negative Discount Rate and Random Refraction Times under Levy Models," Papers 1505.07313, arXiv.org.
    3. Min Dai & Zuo Quan Xu, 2009. "Optimal Redeeming Strategy of Stock Loans," Papers 0906.0702, arXiv.org.
    4. Tim Leung & Kazutoshi Yamazaki & Hongzhong Zhang, 2015. "An Analytic Recursive Method For Optimal Multiple Stopping: Canadization And Phase-Type Fitting," International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance (IJTAF), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 18(05), pages 1-31.
    5. Cai, Ning & Sun, Lihua, 2014. "Valuation of stock loans with jump risk," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 213-241.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:32:y:2008:i:7:p:2269-2290. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jedc .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.