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Self-control and subjective-wellbeing of adolescents in residential care: The moderator role of experienced happiness and daily-life activities with caregivers

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  • Orúzar, Harry
  • Miranda, Rafael
  • Oriol, Xavier
  • Montserrat, Carme

Abstract

Literature on subjective-wellbeing (SWB) of children and adolescents in residential care is still scarce. In addition, few studies relate self-control and SWB at these ages, particularly in this population. This study aims to examine this relationship based on different measures to assess the cognitive component of this construct: Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI), Overall Life Satisfaction (OLS) and Students Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS). The main objective is to explore, from a bottom-up perspective, the moderating effect of an experienced happiness indicator (OHS) and the daily-life activities shared between caregivers and adolescents in the residential care system. The sample is composed of 391 adolescents between 12 and 18 years old (M = 14.62; SD = 1.60), who are living in 47 residential care centers (RCC) from Peru. The results show a positive and significant relationship between self-control and the cognitive and affective measurements of SWB, specifically, a stronger relationship with SLSS. A moderating effect of daily-life activities with caregivers and OHS is observed on the relationship between self-control and the two indicators of life satisfaction (SLSS and OLS). In the case of SLSS only daily-life activities show a significant moderation. In contrast, there are non-significant moderations for PWI. Finally, results are discussed to enhance the socio-educative function of residential care centers, considering the importance of daily activities for SWB.

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  • Orúzar, Harry & Miranda, Rafael & Oriol, Xavier & Montserrat, Carme, 2019. "Self-control and subjective-wellbeing of adolescents in residential care: The moderator role of experienced happiness and daily-life activities with caregivers," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 125-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:98:y:2019:i:c:p:125-131
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.12.021
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Oriol, Xavier & Sala-Roca, Josefina & Filella, Gemma, 2014. "Emotional competences of adolescents in residential care: Analysis of emotional difficulties for intervention," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 334-340.
    2. David Newman & Louis Tay & Ed Diener, 2014. "Leisure and Subjective Well-Being: A Model of Psychological Mechanisms as Mediating Factors," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 555-578, June.
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    4. Joan Llosada-Gistau & Ferran Casas & Carme Montserrat, 2017. "What Matters in for the Subjective Well-Being of Children in Care?," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 10(3), pages 735-760, September.
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    8. Dinisman, Tamar & Montserrat, Carme & Casas, Ferran, 2012. "The subjective well-being of Spanish adolescents: Variations according to different living arrangements," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(12), pages 2374-2380.
    9. Llosada-Gistau, Joan & Montserrat, Carme & Casas, Ferran, 2015. "The subjective well-being of adolescents in residential care compared to that of the general population," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 150-157.
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    Cited by:

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    4. Paulo Delgado & João M. S. Carvalho & Carme Montserrat & Joan Llosada-Gistau, 2020. "The Subjective Well-Being of Portuguese Children in Foster Care, Residential Care and Children Living with their Families: Challenges and Implications for a Child Care System Still Focused on Institut," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 13(1), pages 67-84, February.
    5. Aranzazu Albertos & Ina Koning & Edgar Benítez & Jokin De Irala, 2021. "Adolescents’ Alcohol Use: Does the Type of Leisure Activity Matter? A Cross-National Study," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(21), pages 1-15, October.
    6. Coral Gallardo-Masa & Rosa Sitjes-Figueras & Edgar Iglesias & Carme Montserrat, 2024. "How Adolescents in Residential Care Perceive their Skills and Satisfaction with Life: Do Adolescents and Youth Workers Agree?," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 17(1), pages 261-287, February.
    7. Oriol, Xavier & Miranda, Rafael & Unanue, Jesus, 2020. "Bullying victimization at school and subjective well-being in early and late Peruvian adolescents in residential care: The contribution of satisfaction with microsystem domains," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).

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