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The subjective well-being of adolescents in residential care compared to that of the general population

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  • Llosada-Gistau, Joan
  • Montserrat, Carme
  • Casas, Ferran

Abstract

The aim of this research is to study the subjective well-being of adolescents in residential care and compare it with that of the general population of the same age in Catalonia. Two samples were used: one from the general population in the first year of secondary education (n=491; 50% boys; mean age=12.1years) and another from the residential care population aged 12–13years (n=226; 56% boys; mean age 12.5). The questionnaire of the International Survey of Children's Well-Being (ISCWeB) was used. It includes two psychometric scales: the Personal Well-Being Index—School Children (PWI-SC7) and the Overall Life Satisfaction (OLS); the former being adapted for the in-care population. To test the validity of the factorial structure of data for the two groups, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) of the PWI-SC7 and different multi-group structural equation models (SEMs) were conducted. The CFA of the PWI-SC7 showed a good fit with the pooled sample and good comparability of correlations and regressions between the two groups. The SEM with constrained loadings allowed us to compare the contribution of the different items on the PWI-SC7 latent variable which was higher in all cases for adolescents in care. Likewise it showed a high correlation between OLS and PWI-SC7 in both populations, being it more intense among adolescents in care. Scores on the OLS and on the PWI-SC7 are significantly lower among adolescents in care. However, according SEM results mean scores of the PWI-SC7 are not strictly comparable between groups. Results challenge public policy concerning children by increasing efforts to promote equal opportunities for the in-care community and improve satisfaction with particular life domains, such as school and residential homes.

Suggested Citation

  • Llosada-Gistau, Joan & Montserrat, Carme & Casas, Ferran, 2015. "The subjective well-being of adolescents in residential care compared to that of the general population," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 150-157.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:52:y:2015:i:c:p:150-157
    DOI: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.11.007
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    2. Gairal-Casadó, Regina & Garcia-Yeste, Carme & Novo-Molinero, Maria Teresa & Salvadó-Belarta, Zoel, 2019. "Out of school learning scientific workshops: Stimulating institutionalized Adolescents' educational aspirations," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 116-126.
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    4. Orúzar, Harry & Miranda, Rafael & Oriol, Xavier & Montserrat, Carme, 2019. "Self-control and subjective-wellbeing of adolescents in residential care: The moderator role of experienced happiness and daily-life activities with caregivers," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 125-131.
    5. Mònica González-Carrasco & Ferran Casas & Ferran Viñas & Sara Malo & M. Eugènia Gras & Lívia Bedin, 2017. "What Leads Subjective Well-Being to Change Throughout Adolescence? An Exploration of Potential Factors," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 10(1), pages 33-56, March.
    6. Zárate-Alva, Nair Elizabeth & Sala-Roca, Josefina, 2019. "Socio-emotional skills of girls and young mothers in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 50-56.
    7. Chris Swerts & Laura E. Gómez & Margo Dewitte & Jessica Maeyer & Wouter Vanderplasschen, 2023. "Quality of Life Outcomes for Adolescents in Youth Care," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 16(5), pages 1987-2011, October.
    8. Mònica González-Carrasco & Ferran Casas & Sara Malo & Ferran Viñas & Tamar Dinisman, 2017. "Changes with Age in Subjective Well-Being Through the Adolescent Years: Differences by Gender," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 63-88, February.
    9. Yi Wang & Ronnel King & Shing On Leung, 2023. "Understanding Chinese Students' Well-Being: A Machine Learning Study," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 16(2), pages 581-616, April.
    10. Coral Gallardo-Masa & Rosa Sitjes-Figueras & Edgar Iglesias & Carme Montserrat, 2024. "How Adolescents in Residential Care Perceive their Skills and Satisfaction with Life: Do Adolescents and Youth Workers Agree?," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 17(1), pages 261-287, February.
    11. Caiquan Bai & Yuan Gong & Chen Feng, 2019. "Social Trust, Pattern of Difference, and Subjective Well-Being," SAGE Open, , vol. 9(3), pages 21582440198, July.
    12. Eunice Magalhães & Maria Manuela Calheiros, 2020. "Why Place Matters in Residential Care: the Mediating Role of Place Attachment in the Relation Between Adolescents’ Rights and Psychological Well-Being," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 13(5), pages 1717-1737, October.
    13. Eirini Leriou & Andreas Kollias & Anna Anastasopoulou & Aristeidis Katranis, 2022. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-Being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round Three," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 15(4), pages 1295-1311, August.
    14. Crous, Gemma, 2017. "Child psychological well-being and its associations with material deprivation and type of home," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 88-95.
    15. Maria Aymerich & Ramon Cladellas & Antoni Castelló & Ferran Casas & Mònica Cunill, 2021. "The Evolution of Life Satisfaction Throughout Childhood and Adolescence: Differences in Young People’s Evaluations According to Age and Gender," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 14(6), pages 2347-2369, December.
    16. Carla González-García & Alba Águila-Otero & Carme Montserrat & Susana Lázaro & Eduardo Martín & Jorge Fernandez del Valle & Amaia Bravo, 2022. "Subjective Well-Being of Young People in Therapeutic Residential Care from a Gender Perspective," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 15(1), pages 249-262, February.
    17. Garcia-Molsosa, Marta & Collet-Sabé, Jordi & Martori, Joan Carles & Montserrat, Carme, 2019. "School satisfaction among youth in residential care: A multi-source analysis," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 1-1.
    18. Eirini Leriou & Aggeliki Kazani & Andreas Kollias & Christina Paraskevopoulou, 2021. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-Being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round One," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 14(1), pages 1-51, February.
    19. Eirini Leriou, 2023. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round Five," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 16(4), pages 1395-1451, August.
    20. Cristina Soriano-Díaz & Juan Manuel Moreno-Manso & María Elena García-Baamonde & Mónica Guerrero-Molina & Pilar Cantillo-Cordero, 2022. "Behavioral and Emotional Difficulties and Personal Wellbeing of Adolescents in Residential Care," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 20(1), pages 1-14, December.
    21. J. Selwyn & M. Wood & T. Newman, 2017. "Looked after Children and Young People in England: Developing Measures of Subjective Well-Being," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 10(2), pages 363-380, June.
    22. Oriol, Xavier & Miranda, Rafael & Unanue, Jesus, 2020. "Bullying victimization at school and subjective well-being in early and late Peruvian adolescents in residential care: The contribution of satisfaction with microsystem domains," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 109(C).
    23. Joan Llosada-Gistau & Ferran Casas & Carme Montserrat, 2020. "Factors Influencing the Subjective Well-Being of Adolescents in out-of-Home Care. A Mixed Method Study," Applied Research in Quality of Life, Springer;International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies, vol. 15(3), pages 835-863, July.
    24. Joan Llosada-Gistau & Ferran Casas & Carme Montserrat, 2017. "What Matters in for the Subjective Well-Being of Children in Care?," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 10(3), pages 735-760, September.
    25. Eirini Leriou, 2022. "Understanding and Measuring Child Well-being in the Region of Attica, Greece: Round four," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 15(6), pages 1967-2011, December.

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