Housing experiences of former foster youth: How do they fare in comparison to other youth?
Research indicates that foster youth tend to fare poorly in a number of domains in the transition to adulthood, and the shift to independent living may be particularly challenging. However, it is unclear whether negative housing outcomes are attributable to foster care history or if they are due to other risk factors. This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to compare housing outcomes for foster youth to a matched sample of youth who share similar risk factors and to an unmatched sample. Results indicate that foster youth struggle more in the transition to independent living in comparison to both groups, showing higher rates of homelessness, less housing stability, poorer neighborhood quality, and more reliance on public housing assistance. The paper explores how factors related to foster care and confounding risk factors that tend to have higher prevalence among foster youth may contribute to these outcomes.
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- Smith, Carrie Jefferson & Devore, Wynetta, 2004. "African American children in the child welfare and kinship system: from exclusion to over inclusion," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 427-446, May.
- Schmitz, Mark F., 2005. "Effects of childhood foster care and adoption on adulthood childbearing," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 85-98, January.
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- Grubb, W. Norton, 2002. "Learning and earning in the middle, part I: national studies of pre-baccalaureate education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 299-321, August.
- Iglehart, Alfreda P., 1995. "Readiness for independence: Comparison of foster care, kinship care, and non-foster care adolescents," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 417-432.
- Pecora, Peter J. & Kessler, Ronald C. & O'Brien, Kirk & White, Catherine Roller & Williams, Jason & Hiripi, Eva & English, Diana & White, James & Herrick, Mary Anne, 2006. "Educational and employment outcomes of adults formerly placed in foster care: Results from the Northwest Foster Care Alumni Study," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 28(12), pages 1459-1481, December.
- Brown, Stephanie & Wilderson, Dina, 2010. "Homelessness prevention for former foster youth: Utilization of transitional housing programs," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1464-1472, October.
- Goodkind, Sara & Schelbe, Lisa A. & Shook, Jeffrey J., 2011. "Why youth leave care: Understandings of adulthood and transition successes and challenges among youth aging out of child welfare," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 1039-1048, June.
- Buehler, Cheryl & Orme, John G. & Post, James & Patterson, David A., 2000. "The long-term correlates of family foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(8), pages 595-625, August.
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