Degeneracy of the EM algorithm for the MLE of multivariate Gaussian mixtures and dynamic constraints
EM algorithms for multivariate normal mixture decomposition have been recently proposed in order to maximize the likelihood function in a constrained parameter space having no singularities and a reduced number of spurious local maxima. However, such approaches require some a priori information about the eigenvalues of the covariance matrices. The behavior of the EM algorithm near a degenerated solution is investigated. The obtained theoretical results would suggest a new kind of constraint based on the dissimilarity between two consecutive updates of the eigenvalues of each covariance matrix. The performances of such a "dynamic" constraint are evaluated on the grounds of some numerical experiments.
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