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Ownership structure and target returns

  • Bauguess, Scott W.
  • Moeller, Sara B.
  • Schlingemann, Frederik P.
  • Zutter, Chad J.

Contrary to past literature, ownership defined as "all officers and directors" of the target firm has no association with target returns. Rather, we find that inside (managerial) ownership has a positive relation with target returns, whereas active-outside (non-managing director) ownership has a negative relation with target returns. Using accounting-based versus market-based performance measures, we find that the relation between inside ownership and target returns is best explained by takeover anticipation. Using bidder and synergy returns we find that the relation between outside ownership and target returns is best explained by outsiders' willingness to share gains with the bidder. While the relations are more pronounced for non-tender deals, they also hold for tender offers when active-outside ownership is corporate rather than institutional.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Corporate Finance.

Volume (Year): 15 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 48-65

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Handle: RePEc:eee:corfin:v:15:y:2009:i:1:p:48-65
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jcorpfin

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