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Causality relationship between coal consumption and GDP: Difference of major OECD and non-OECD countries

  • Jinke, Li
  • Hualing, Song
  • Dianming, Geng
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    This paper uses Granger causality tests to examine the differences of causal relationships between coal consumption and GDP in major OECD and non-OECD countries, using data for the period of 1980-2005. What we discovered is that unidirectional causality running from GDP to coal consumption exists in Japan and China, and no causality relationship between coal consumption and GDP in India, South Korea and South Africa while the series are not cointegrated in USA. The major OECD or non-OECD countries especially China, India and South Africa should reduce their CO2 emissions in coal consumption to reach sustainable development.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306-2619(07)00162-6
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

    Volume (Year): 85 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 6 (June)
    Pages: 421-429

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:85:y:2008:i:6:p:421-429
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    5. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-38, July.
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    7. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
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    13. Jumbe, Charles B. L., 2004. "Cointegration and causality between electricity consumption and GDP: empirical evidence from Malawi," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 61-68, January.
    14. Zhi-Yong Han & Ying Fan & Yi-Ming Wei, 2004. "Study on the cointegration and causality between GDP and energy consumption in China," International Journal of Global Energy Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 22(2/3/4), pages 225-232.
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