IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Modeling the economic dependence between town development policy and increasing energy effectiveness with neural networks. Case study: The town of Zielona Góra


  • Skiba, Marta
  • Mrówczyńska, Maria
  • Bazan-Krzywoszańska, Anna


Due to the changes in legal requirements, growth of energy consumption from different media and prices increase it is necessary to change the attitude of urban consumers. Achieving the objectives of energy policy in each country requires societies to consolidate the confidence that reducing the demand for energy will pay to each household. Creating a positive investment climate, promoting new models and the dissemination of good examples can also lead to economic growth through the use of low-carbon technologies. In many countries, including Poland, the high energy intensity of buildings is seen as a result of the use of low quality materials, low constructing awareness causing the low standard of residential buildings, which is the reason for forcing thermal renovations.

Suggested Citation

  • Skiba, Marta & Mrówczyńska, Maria & Bazan-Krzywoszańska, Anna, 2017. "Modeling the economic dependence between town development policy and increasing energy effectiveness with neural networks. Case study: The town of Zielona Góra," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 188(C), pages 356-366.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:188:y:2017:i:c:p:356-366
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.12.006

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bettencourt, Luis M.A. & Lobo, Jose & Strumsky, Deborah, 2007. "Invention in the city: Increasing returns to patenting as a scaling function of metropolitan size," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 107-120, February.
    2. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Dworkin, Michael H., 2015. "Energy justice: Conceptual insights and practical applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 435-444.
    3. Sampaio, Henrique César & Dias, Rubens Alves & Balestieri, José Antônio Perrella, 2013. "Sustainable urban energy planning: The case study of a tropical city," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 924-935.
    4. Tronchin, Lamberto & Fabbri, Kristian, 2012. "Energy Performance Certificate of building and confidence interval in assessment: An Italian case study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 176-184.
    5. Day, Rosie & Walker, Gordon & Simcock, Neil, 2016. "Conceptualising energy use and energy poverty using a capabilities framework," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 255-264.
    6. Fabbri, Kristian, 2015. "Building and fuel poverty, an index to measure fuel poverty: An Italian case study," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 244-258.
    7. Ó Broin, Eoin & Nässén, Jonas & Johnsson, Filip, 2015. "Energy efficiency policies for space heating in EU countries: A panel data analysis for the period 1990–2010," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 211-223.
    8. Toshi H. Arimura, Shanjun Li, Richard G. Newell, and Karen Palmer, 2012. "Cost-Effectiveness of Electricity Energy Efficiency Programs," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 2).
    9. Aleksander Szpor & Maciej Lis, 2016. "Ograniczenie ubostwa energetycznego w Polsce - od teorii do praktyki," IBS Policy Papers 06/2016, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    10. William Lazonick & Mariana Mazzucato & Öner Tulum, 2013. "Apple's changing business model: What should the world's richest company do with all those profits?," Accounting Forum, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(4), pages 249-267, December.
    11. Soares, Jacyra & Oliveira, Amauri P. & Boznar, Marija Zlata & Mlakar, Primoz & Escobedo, João F. & Machado, Antonio J., 2004. "Modeling hourly diffuse solar-radiation in the city of São Paulo using a neural-network technique," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 201-214, October.
    12. Gorbacheva, Natalya V. & Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2015. "Pain without gain? Reviewing the risks and rewards of investing in Russian coal-fired electricity," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 154(C), pages 970-986.
    13. Fouquet, Doerte & Johansson, Thomas B., 2008. "European renewable energy policy at crossroads--Focus on electricity support mechanisms," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 4079-4092, November.
    14. Topi, Corrado & Esposto, Edoardo & Marini Govigli, Valentino, 2016. "The economics of green transition strategies for cities: Can low carbon, energy efficient development approaches be adapted to demand side urban water efficiency?," Environmental Science & Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 74-82.
    15. Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2015. "Fuel poverty, affordability, and energy justice in England: Policy insights from the Warm Front Program," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P1), pages 361-371.
    16. Kialashaki, Arash & Reisel, John R., 2013. "Modeling of the energy demand of the residential sector in the United States using regression models and artificial neural networks," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 271-280.
    17. Teller-Elsberg, Jonathan & Sovacool, Benjamin & Smith, Taylor & Laine, Emily, 2016. "Fuel poverty, excess winter deaths, and energy costs in Vermont: Burdensome for whom?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 81-91.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Liyang Tang, 2020. "Application of Nonlinear Autoregressive with Exogenous Input (NARX) neural network in macroeconomic forecasting, national goal setting and global competitiveness assessment," Papers 2005.08735,
    2. Aleksandra Lewandowska & Justyna Chodkowska-Miszczuk & Krzysztof Rogatka & Tomasz Starczewski, 2020. "Smart Energy in a Smart City: Utopia or Reality? Evidence from Poland," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(21), pages 1-19, November.
    3. Maria Mrówczyńska & Marta Skiba & Anna Bazan-Krzywoszańska & Dorota Bazuń & Mariusz Kwiatkowski, 2018. "Social and Infrastructural Conditioning of Lowering Energy Costs and Improving the Energy Efficiency of Buildings in the Context of the Local Energy Policy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-16, September.
    4. Jan K. Kazak, 2018. "The Use of a Decision Support System for Sustainable Urbanization and Thermal Comfort in Adaptation to Climate Change Actions—The Case of the Wrocław Larger Urban Zone (Poland)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-15, April.
    5. Xiaoxia Gao & Lu Xia & Lin Lu & Yonghua Li, 2019. "Analysis of Hong Kong’s Wind Energy: Power Potential, Development Constraints, and Experiences from Other Countries for Local Wind Energy Promotion Strategies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-20, February.
    6. Kazak, Jan & van Hoof, Joost & Szewranski, Szymon, 2017. "Challenges in the wind turbines location process in Central Europe – The use of spatial decision support systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 425-433.
    7. Mrówczyńska, Maria & Skiba, Marta & Bazan-Krzywoszańska, Anna & Sztubecka, Małgorzata, 2020. "Household standards and socio-economic aspects as a factor determining energy consumption in the city," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 264(C).
    8. Jan K. Kazak & Małgorzata Świąder, 2018. "SOLIS—A Novel Decision Support Tool for the Assessment of Solar Radiation in ArcGIS," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(8), pages 1-12, August.
    9. Olexandr Yemelyanov & Anastasiya Symak & Tetyana Petrushka & Olena Zahoretska & Myroslava Kusiy & Roman Lesyk & Lilia Lesyk, 2019. "Changes in Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and Aspirations for Energy Independence: Sectoral Analysis of Uses of Natural Gas in Ukrainian Economy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(24), pages 1-34, December.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Maria Mrówczyńska & Marta Skiba & Anna Bazan-Krzywoszańska & Dorota Bazuń & Mariusz Kwiatkowski, 2018. "Social and Infrastructural Conditioning of Lowering Energy Costs and Improving the Energy Efficiency of Buildings in the Context of the Local Energy Policy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-16, September.
    2. Pérez-Fargallo, Alexis & Rubio-Bellido, Carlos & Pulido-Arcas, Jesús A. & Javier Guevara-García, Fco., 2018. "Fuel Poverty Potential Risk Index in the context of climate change in Chile," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 157-170.
    3. Forman, Alister, 2017. "Energy justice at the end of the wire: Enacting community energy and equity in Wales," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 649-657.
    4. Belaïd, Fateh, 2018. "Exposure and risk to fuel poverty in France: Examining the extent of the fuel precariousness and its salient determinants," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 189-200.
    5. Okushima, Shinichiro, 2017. "Gauging energy poverty: A multidimensional approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 1159-1166.
    6. Fortier, Marie-Odile P. & Teron, Lemir & Reames, Tony G. & Munardy, Dynta Trishana & Sullivan, Breck M., 2019. "Introduction to evaluating energy justice across the life cycle: A social life cycle assessment approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 236(C), pages 211-219.
    7. Shan Zhou & Douglas S. Noonan, 2019. "Justice Implications of Clean Energy Policies and Programs in the United States: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-20, February.
    8. Pilar Murias & Beatriz Valcárcel-Aguiar & Rosa María Regueiro-Ferreira, 2020. "A Territorial Estimate for Household Energy Vulnerability: An Application for Spain," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(15), pages 1-22, July.
    9. Bartiaux, Françoise & Vandeschrick, Christophe & Moezzi, Mithra & Frogneux, Nathalie, 2018. "Energy justice, unequal access to affordable warmth, and capability deprivation: A quantitative analysis for Belgium," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 225(C), pages 1219-1233.
    10. Thomas, Gareth & Demski, Christina & Pidgeon, Nick, 2019. "Deliberating the social acceptability of energy storage in the UK," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    11. Rasch, Elisabet Dueholm & Köhne, Michiel, 2017. "Practices and imaginations of energy justice in transition. A case study of the Noordoostpolder, the Netherlands," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 607-614.
    12. LaBelle, Michael Carnegie, 2017. "In pursuit of energy justice," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 615-620.
    13. Menghwani, Vikas & Zerriffi, Hisham & Korkovelos, Alexandros & Khavari, Babak & Sahlberg, Andreas & Howells, Mark & Mentis, Dimitris, 2020. "Planning with justice: Using spatial modelling to incorporate justice in electricity pricing – The case of Tanzania," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 264(C).
    14. de Wildt, Tristan E. & Chappin, Emile J.L. & van de Kaa, Geerten & Herder, Paulien M., 2018. "A comprehensive approach to reviewing latent topics addressed by literature across multiple disciplines," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 228(C), pages 2111-2128.
    15. Pasichnyi, Oleksii & Wallin, Jörgen & Levihn, Fabian & Shahrokni, Hossein & Kordas, Olga, 2019. "Energy performance certificates — New opportunities for data-enabled urban energy policy instruments?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 486-499.
    16. Shen, Neng & Deng, Rumeng & Liao, Haolan & Shevchuk, Oleksandr, 2020. "Mapping renewable energy subsidy policy research published from 1997 to 2018: A scientometric review," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    17. Willand, Nicola & Horne, Ralph, 2018. "“They are grinding us into the ground” – The lived experience of (in)energy justice amongst low-income older households," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 226(C), pages 61-70.
    18. Romero, José Carlos & Linares, Pedro & López, Xiral, 2018. "The policy implications of energy poverty indicators," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 98-108.
    19. Jacopo Gaspari & Michaela De Giglio & Ernesto Antonini & Vincenzo Vodola, 2020. "A GIS-Based Methodology for Speedy Energy Efficiency Mapping: A Case Study in Bologna," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-19, May.
    20. McCauley, Darren & Brown, Antje & Rehner, Robert & Heffron, Raphael & van de Graaff, Shashi, 2018. "Energy justice and policy change: An historical political analysis of the German nuclear phase-out," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 228(C), pages 317-323.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:188:y:2017:i:c:p:356-366. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Haili He). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.