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Nitrate leaching in a silage maize field under different irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer rates

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  • Gheysari, Mahdi
  • Mirlatifi, Seyed Majid
  • Homaee, Mehdi
  • Asadi, Mohammad Esmaeil
  • Hoogenboom, Gerrit

Abstract

Quantification of the interactive effects of nitrogen (N) and water on nitrate (NO3) loss provides an important insight for more effective N and water management. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of different irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer levels on nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) leaching in a silage maize field. The experiment included four irrigation levels (0.7, 0.85, 1.0, and 1.13 of soil moisture depletion, SMD) and three N fertilization levels (0, 142, and 189kgNha-1), with three replications. Ceramic suction cups were used to extract soil solution at 30 and 60cm soil depths for all 36 experimental plots. Soil NO3-N content of 0-30 and 30-60-cm layers were evaluated at planting and harvest maturity. Total N uptake (NU) by the crop was also determined. Maximum NO3-N leaching out of the 60-cm soil layer was 8.43kgNha-1, for the 142kgNha-1 and over irrigation (1.13 SMD) treatment. The minimum and maximum seasonal average NO3 concentration at the 60cm depth was 46 and 138mgl-1, respectively. Based on our findings, it is possible to control NO3 leaching out of the root zone during the growing season with a proper combination of irrigation and fertilizer management.

Suggested Citation

  • Gheysari, Mahdi & Mirlatifi, Seyed Majid & Homaee, Mehdi & Asadi, Mohammad Esmaeil & Hoogenboom, Gerrit, 2009. "Nitrate leaching in a silage maize field under different irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer rates," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(6), pages 946-954, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:96:y:2009:i:6:p:946-954
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    References listed on IDEAS

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