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Quantifying reductions in consumptive water use under regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio (Pistacia vera L.)

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  • Iniesta, F.
  • Testi, L.
  • Goldhamer, D.A.
  • Fereres, E.

Abstract

The reduction in agricultural water use in areas of scarce supplies can release significant amounts of water for other uses. As improvements in irrigation systems and management have been widely adopted by fruit tree growers already, there is a need to explore the potential for reducing irrigation requirements via deficit irrigation (DI). It is also important to quantify to what extent the reduction in applied water through DI is translated into net water savings via tree evapotranspiration (ET) reduction. An experiment was conducted in a commercial pistachio orchard in Madera, CA, where a regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) program was applied to a 32.3-ha block, while another block of the same size was fully irrigated (FI). Four trees were instrumented with six neutron probe access tubes each, in the two treatments and the soil water balance method was used to determine tree ET. Seasonal irrigation water in FI, applied through a full-coverage microsprinkler system, amounted to 842 mm, while only 669 mm were applied in RDI. Seasonal ET in FI was 1024 mm, of which 308 mm were computed as evaporation from soil (Es). In RDI, seasonal ET was reduced to 784 mm with 288 mm as Es. The reduction in applied water during the deficit period amounted to 147 mm. The ET of RDI during the deficit period was also reduced relative to that of FI by 133 mm, which represented 33% of the ET of FI during the deficit irrigation period. There was an additional ET reduction in RDI of about 100 mm that occurred in the post-deficit period.

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  • Iniesta, F. & Testi, L. & Goldhamer, D.A. & Fereres, E., 2008. "Quantifying reductions in consumptive water use under regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio (Pistacia vera L.)," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 877-886, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:agiwat:v:95:y:2008:i:7:p:877-886
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    2. Geerts, Sam & Raes, Dirk, 2009. "Deficit irrigation as an on-farm strategy to maximize crop water productivity in dry areas," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(9), pages 1275-1284, September.
    3. Samperio, Alberto & Moñino, María José & Marsal, Jordi & Prieto, María Henar & Stöckle, Claudio, 2014. "Use of CropSyst as a tool to predict water use and crop coefficient in Japanese plum trees," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 57-68.
    4. Memmi, H. & Gijón, M.C. & Couceiro, J.F. & Pérez-López, D., 2016. "Water stress thresholds for regulated deficit irrigation in pistachio trees: Rootstock influence and effects on yield quality," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 164(P1), pages 58-72.
    5. Cui, Ningbo & Du, Taisheng & Li, Fusheng & Tong, Ling & Kang, Shaozhong & Wang, Mixia & Liu, Xiaozhi & Li, Zhijun, 2009. "Response of vegetative growth and fruit development to regulated deficit irrigation at different growth stages of pear-jujube tree," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 96(8), pages 1237-1246, August.
    6. López-López, Manuel & Espadafor, Mónica & Testi, Luca & Lorite, Ignacio Jesús & Orgaz, Francisco & Fereres, Elías, 2018. "Water use of irrigated almond trees when subjected to water deficits," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 195(C), pages 84-93.
    7. Mohammadi Mohammadabadi, Akbar & Hosseinifard, Seyed Javad & Sedaghati, Nasser & Nikooei Dastjerdi, Mohammadreza, 2020. "Pistachio (Pistachia vera L.) seedling growth response to irrigation method and volume in Iran," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 240(C).
    8. Bhantana, Parashuram & Lazarovitch, Naftali, 2010. "Evapotranspiration, crop coefficient and growth of two young pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) varieties under salt stress," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 97(5), pages 715-722, May.
    9. Pourmohammadali, Behrooz & Hosseinifard, Seyed Javad & Hassan Salehi, Mohammad & Shirani, Hossein & Esfandiarpour Boroujeni, Isa, 2019. "Effects of soil properties, water quality and management practices on pistachio yield in Rafsanjan region, southeast of Iran," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 213(C), pages 894-902.

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